Introduction to Criminology
defined as the study of crime, criminality, and criminal justice systems
the body of knowledge regarding crime as a social phenomenon. It includes
within its scope the process of making laws, breaking laws, reacting toward the
breaking of laws. The objective of crim is the development of a body of general
and verified principles and such.
Why study crim?
1) It is important to provide insights into social world, including how and whys of
crim behaviour, and the way that “deviant” behaviour is responded to within
2) crime is a major concern to a general population, it is only through research that
crime and be appropriately addressed and reduced.
What is crime?
difficult to define… is crime anything defined as such in a criminal code?
• law as abode social processes
• law as the centre of crim (problematic because laws are constantly changing)
5 ways to describe crime:
moral (behaviours that offends consciousness);
social (crime violates social norms);
humanistic (behaviours of individuals denies basic human rights… they look
towards the human rights direction);
social constructionist (crime has been imposed on us by those in power)
A person who has committed a crime?
A person who has been handed a guilty verdict in a court regarding the
commission of a crime?
Consider the following:
Offender kills victim during robbery… CRIME in our criminal code
Soldier kills enemy soldier in wartime… NOT CRIME
Corporation dumps toxic waste that contaminates drin