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Life on the Inside Kate's fifth lecture of the Winter Semester 2011: It includes... Key points from the Hallsy reading Incarceration and Respect Incarceration and (protective self and self-rehabilitationism) The Transgressional Self Key points on J

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University of Ottawa
Kate Fletcher

Tuesday, February 8, 2011 Hawlsey: Incarceration as Senseless Imprisonment as punishment or as rehabilitation? Authenticity: Resonance: msgs don’t always resonate (guards  teachers) By attending programming it’s not like the msgs are gonna resonate anymore Under new rehabilationism – merged new ideas with targeting how risky we feel they are Incarceration and Respect Expectations formally stated If you’re a model prisoner = citizen Expectations of inmates isn’t the same as the behavior of guards (hypocrisy) Some inmates said that there are some bad guards but Examples saying your useless to society, they’ll smash you against the wall Ex. “if you’re gonna fuckin’ swear go to your fuckin’ room” The expectations are way higher and stringent than we even expect of ourselves Inconsistent application of rules + lack of objectivity (pick faves) Arbitrary; ad hoc Infantalizing discources – esp. in women’s institutions Juveniles called boys; women called girls Creates narratives around individs that suggests their dep. But also incapable Guards not held accountable for actions the way inmates are Incarceration and Visitation What emerges after ppl have done time for a long time is that in order to cope with the pains of imprisonment, they manufacture a protective self that helps them get through (non-contact visits) Said it brought alienation; you create walls around you so you don’t feel it so deeply By ppl serving more time, who felt human contact would serve as detriment to successfully completing sentence VS. Self-rehabilitationism: that’s how ppl are coming in and we want to change you and be more open to ppls feelings etc. and you will be able to successfully reintegrate in society Incarceration is helping them create more boundaries and walls; less vulnerability Irony: correctional system creating (or at least reinforcing) what it’s attempting to dismantle Hawlsey: ppl who have families on the outside are less likely to recidivate **The Transgressional Self Summarizing it all Individ transgressed law Rather than remaking someone who is law abiding, incarceration just confirms to the person that they are an offender Prison is the medium (one more way of depriving them) through the exaserbation of deprivation rather than the means of deprivation Sykes deprivation model: you get offender groups and types cuz we put them in jail and deprive them of those 7 things Erwin and cressy: failed to account for the fact that they’re not blank slates going in They’re importing values that impelled them to criminality, into prison with them Hallsy: all incarceration does is further deprive ppl when they’ve been deprived for life It reinforces that they’ll be deprived on the way out and they’ll have to fall back on skills they had going in cuz they didn’t learn anything “Offender” self-identity – what individs export from prison, is what they knew prior to going in, that they need to fall back on their skills as an offender in order to survive ***What’s the rhetoric for prison vs. the reality of prison (incongruous demands) PAGE 362 When prisoners learning to cope vs. rhetoric of correctional officers (they don’t match up) We’re supposed to find prison a deterrent when some find it better than being on the outside In no other institute in society would we continue to do something this wrong Prison Masculinity As Adaptation ** Evan Jewkes : NEVER AGAIN WILL WE HAVE TO KNOW HER Why certain groups and prisoners are the way they are It’s not one it’s not the other, it’s a mix of both The pains of imprisonment create another identity, what type of masculinity do they practice In prison, hyper masculinity becomes the ideal way of exemplifying your maleness Certain prisoner identity is for reasons that you lose some sense of autonomy Similar to Hallsy: prisoner identity is one characterized as weak and dependent The things in our Western society that constitute our men as men (toughness) prison is depriving you of the opportunities to reinforce their masculinity in conventional ways End up overexaggerating certain aspects of being a man Gender Behavioral and aesthetic diffs btw men and women Traditionally we assume they derive from biological sex (problematic) Unconsciously engage in activities that will confirm the sex category of male or female When you’re doing gender you’re making visible what’s invisible Boobs can be fake, gender becomes how we exemplify to other ppl It’s not something one is, it is something one does in interaction with others Normative Gender: normative/ideal ways of doing gender are characterized by hegemonic masculinity and emphasized femininity Hegemony: systems of thought (cultural systems, etc) that we all come to accept as being natural and inevitable But in his mind they are the ideals and values of the other class Accept them as natural even though they don’t serve us that well Buy into how men and women are/should be Mechanisms: visible: see violence and aggression on tv, taking charge Invisible: Ex. Columbine: the fact that the mainstream media never spoke about the fact those kids were bullied and nerds before the shooting Never gets questioned How dominant you are as a man is going to come down to the access y
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