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CRM2310 (78)
Lecture

CRM2310 Oct 30th

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Department
Criminology
Course
CRM2310
Professor
Kate Fletcher
Semester
Fall

Description
Community Policing – Oct 30 On Reading: OPK program that deals with aboriginal youth in Winnipeg – gang involved • Program originated out of request from gang leaders – tired of being watched by  police and repeatedly incarcerated. • Want an opportunity to go straight • Attempting to detest in crime • Posses few skills and little education as well as long criminal history making them  undesirable prospects to be given chance • Hostilic program to take into account structure, culture, and biography for change Structural Forces at play: • Individual biography – trauma has lead them to gangs because they are a  mechanism for social capital (but gangs are outside mainstream culture) • Structural past – colonialism: formalized domination. Taken from families and  put into residential schools, rights taken away, laws put in place • Cultural past – removal/replacement of customs and values  • Intergenerational Trauma  • Part of it done for Christianity and part of it for state control.  Holistic Healing: • What happened in the past and how to deal with it now • Biographical trauma • Countering racial stereotypes ­> stigma Not seen in jail, but in community itself • Explanations for social marginization • Develop of new social capital  New networks to get out of crime  Providing them specific skills to be employed (carpentry etc) How does this differ from government programs? • Government programs individualize social problems • This acknowledges that people make choices, BUT they’re a reflection of  structural/cultural experiences (more holistic)  • Gives them connections and specific skills • Fights criminal stigma New Directions – Peacemaking and Restorative Justice  The Two Criminal Paradigms (way of thinking): 1. Mainstream (positivist) Criminology: • Empathizes criminality rather than criminalization  • Humans are determined • Society is characterized by consensus  • Willingness to work within establishment  • Advocate for rehabilitation for offenders • Criminologists may be objective  2. Critical Criminology: • Crime is a behaviour, so labeled • Humans are determined and not determining  • Society is characterized by conflict  • Crime is a rational response to inequitable conditions (done by those who are  marginalized and disadvantaged) • Value­neutral work is impossible (work is unfair) Peacemaking Criminology (Falls under critical criminology)
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