CRM 1300 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Somatotype And Constitutional Psychology, Hervey M. Cleckley, Psychopathy
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Federal government uses one day snapshot to see who in the jail.
Women populaon is increasing in prisons.
Women prisoners and mental health
1. Women are in custody have experienced dierent and harsh things in life than women out of
The most marginalized people are vicms and most likely to get into the system.
Criminology research 1
The classical School
1. Developed in the 1700s in Europe
2. Central idea: must protect rights of individuals vs. corrupt and arbitrary government and laws
3. In the 18th century
a. 1000s of Europeans were executed annually
b. As many as 200 oences punishable by death
c. Li/le due process existed
d. Secrets accusaon were allowed
e. Torture was used to obtain confession
f. Judges had almost unlimited discreon
g. Equality before the law was virtually non-existent.
Cesare Beccaria’s essay on crimes and punishment (1764)
1. Seven main ideas
a. Since all people are by nature self-seeking and liable to commit crime, no one should be
exempt from the law
b. There is consensus about the need to protect property and persons
c. To prevent a “war of all against all” we freely enter into a social contract with the state,
giving up a measure of freedom in exchange for security against crime
d. Punishment must be exercised only by the state and only to deter crime
e. Punishment must be proporonal to the interests violated
f. There should be as li/le law and as much due process as possible
g. All individuals are responsible for their acons and all should be treated equally (law should
respond to criminal acons not the individual)
The impact of classicism
1. Fewer arbitrary and brutal punishment
2. The idea of equality
3. The concept of criminal responsibility emerged
4. Due process evolved
5. Jeremy Bentham and other “ulitarian” developed prescripons for >?ng punishment to
crimes, and deterring criminals who raonally used hedonisc calculus.
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