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Lecture 9

CRM 1300 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Somatotype And Constitutional Psychology, Hervey M. Cleckley, Psychopathy


Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRM 1300
Professor
Steven Bittle
Lecture
9

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Federal government uses one day snapshot to see who in the jail.
Women populaon is increasing in prisons.
Women prisoners and mental health
1. Women are in custody have experienced dierent and harsh things in life than women out of
prison.
The most marginalized people are vicms and most likely to get into the system.
Criminology research 1
The classical School
1. Developed in the 1700s in Europe
2. Central idea: must protect rights of individuals vs. corrupt and arbitrary government and laws
3. In the 18th century
a. 1000s of Europeans were executed annually
b. As many as 200 oences punishable by death
c. Li/le due process existed
d. Secrets accusaon were allowed
e. Torture was used to obtain confession
f. Judges had almost unlimited discreon
g. Equality before the law was virtually non-existent.
Cesare Beccaria’s essay on crimes and punishment (1764)
1. Seven main ideas
a. Since all people are by nature self-seeking and liable to commit crime, no one should be
exempt from the law
b. There is consensus about the need to protect property and persons
c. To prevent a “war of all against all” we freely enter into a social contract with the state,
giving up a measure of freedom in exchange for security against crime
d. Punishment must be exercised only by the state and only to deter crime
e. Punishment must be proporonal to the interests violated
f. There should be as li/le law and as much due process as possible
g. All individuals are responsible for their acons and all should be treated equally (law should
respond to criminal acons not the individual)
The impact of classicism
1. Fewer arbitrary and brutal punishment
2. The idea of equality
3. The concept of criminal responsibility emerged
4. Due process evolved
5. Jeremy Bentham and other “ulitarian” developed prescripons for >?ng punishment to
crimes, and deterring criminals who raonally used hedonisc calculus.
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