CRM 2307 Lecture Notes - Sexual Assault, Libido, Sex Assignment

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Published on 3 Oct 2012
School
University of Ottawa
Department
Criminology
Course
CRM 2307
Sexual Assault
Competing Explanations
- Individuals (psych)
o Psychologically damaged, sick people not likely
- Biological (positivism)
o Rape is part of natural selection and reproducing (how men are
programmed to ensure their seed is spread animalistic)
- Socio-Cultural (feminist)
o Sex drive, biological in a different way, they cannot help but sexually
assault others.
Rape Free Versus Rape Prone Societies (Socio-Cultural)
Rape Prone Societies
- Sexuality understood in terms of men overcoming female resistance
- Sex as a rite of passage for men
- Patriarchy
- Warfare
Rape Free Societies
- Women’s autonomy and ownership of body
- High respect for reproductive capabilities
- Relation to nature is on of respect not exploitation/domination
- No different value assigned sex specific tasks
- Female or male and female deity
o If you dress sexy/slutty you are going to compel men to rape you,
awaken their sex drive. Also means we can’t have a world without
rape it is inevitable, but it isn’t because the rates are different in
different areas and parts of the world.
Feminist Point of Departure
Challenge biological and psychological explanations
Rape is:
- Violent (not sex)
- A cultural artifact
- A social problem
*Rape is about power not sex*
Mobilize
- Public education and targeted sensitization
- Law and criminal justice reform
- Grass roots support
Public Education and Sensitization (Rape Myths)
General:
Victims:
Offenders:
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Document Summary

Sexual assault: psychologically damaged, sick people not likely. Biological (positivism: rape is part of natural selection and reproducing (how men are programmed to ensure their seed is spread animalistic) Socio-cultural (feminist: sex drive, biological in a different way, they cannot help but sexually assault others. Sexuality understood in terms of men overcoming female resistance. Sex as a rite of passage for men. Relation to nature is on of respect not exploitation/domination. No different value assigned sex specific tasks. Female or male and female deity: if you dress sexy/slutty you are going to compel men to rape you, awaken their sex drive. Also means we can"t have a world without rape it is inevitable, but it isn"t because the rates are different in different areas and parts of the world. Consider the myths used in relation to rape (re-offence, offender and victim) Have a socially constructed view of what a rapist looks like dirty, lower class, and addict.

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