GEG2109 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Constitution Act, 1867, Indian Act

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14 Aug 2016
Department
Course
Professor
Western Canada Pt. 2
What is a Residential School?
Government-sponsored religious schools to assimilate Aboriginal children
Established in 1880
Last closed in 1996
About 150,000 children attended residential schools
Like a boarding school
Early Residential Schools
First were in New France by Catholic missionaries
Colonial administration
Conflict views of schooling
oGovernment viewed them as source to assimilation, to provide
economic self-sufficiency
oAboriginal communities viewed them as education opportunity,
make connections with others
Government was required to provide education to Aboriginal kids
British North America Act 1867
Indian Act 1876
Residential Schools
First in the Prairies in 1883
Most were in the Western provinces
Around 1930, there were 80 institutions
Roman Catholic Church operated 60%
Aboriginal children had to change their entire traditional outfits
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