HIS 2160 Lecture Notes - Cape Bojador, Portolan Chart, Dead Reckoning

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Columbus" back and forth of boats to settle. Got about off the coast of africa then died. Only good if you knew where you were going. Not one long war (lasts 700 years) Way to gain riches and land and nobility. Race (spain says you must be catholic to live there) Social advancement through conquest of other people. 1179 portugal recognized as state by pope. 13th century kingdoms of asturias, castille etc 8th century, recover city of porticuale (oporto) Invasion of moroccan city of ceuta in 1415. Definition: the exchange of plants, animals, disease, culture and humans between the eastern and western hemispheres. American disease : pinta, syphilies, polio, yaws etc . From europe: smallpox, measles, typhus, common cold. From africa: malaria , black fever, yellow fever. American plats: manioc, corn, potatoes for europeans. European plants: cauliflower, cabbage, radishes, lettuce and melons for indigenous. African plants: banana, mango, rice (imported through slave trade)

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