Class Notes (808,126)
Canada (493,084)
History (909)
HIS1110 (98)
Lecture 6

HIS1110 A – Lecture 6.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Ottawa
Henry Habib

HIS1110 A – Lecture 6 Treaty of Versailles Fought in the war and were defeated: A-H, Bulgaria, Germany The A-H had ceased to exist, ended on November 14, 1918 - There was a split at that time where Austria went one way and Hungary went the other way - Versailles insisted that they remain separated o This meant that they were demolished as an Empire o They will impose treaties on both of them Austria - Was now standing alone - It was stripped of its empire - One that went back to the Holy Roman Empire - The Allies dictated a treaty to Austria on September 10, 1919: Treaty of St. Germain - The Austrian Republic was no longer a monarchy and was reduced 1/10 of the size of the former Hapsburg Empire - Austria was now reduced to 6.5 million Austrian-German's (formerly 50 million in Hapsburg) who felt that their state was no longer valid economically (no coast line, in the center of Europe) - Some Austrians asked for union with Germany - This was strongly opposed by France and prohibited in the Treaty of St. Germain (They can’t unite) - This was the fate of Austria Hungary - Signed the Treaty of Trianon on June 4, 2920 - It restricted Hungary to a small state (36,000 square miles, 9 million people – Magyars-Hungarians) - Both Austria and Hungary were called upon to bear part of the burden of reparations they insisted on Germany - The ability to pay or survive in the mutilated condition was questionable - This created internal conflict in Hungary’s communists. A right wing government took over Hungary - The Hungarians wanted to recall the Hapsburg Monarch, but it was forbidden by the Allies Further to all of this, from the defunct Hapsburg Empire, the Allies created a new state from this empire called the Republic of Czechoslovakia. In a sense, they combined Czechs and Slovaks. A new state in the heart of Europe was formed. All of northern Czechoslovakia is German, 3 million of them, also some Magyars and Slovenes. The Allies were very generous with the Czechs and Slovaks, but not to the German's and Magyars (whom they wanted to punish). One of the states to come out of the empire – Galicia (Poland) North of Czechoslovakia – was transferred to Poland. Romania, received as a reward for joining the Allies, received the province of Transylvania. It’s a huge province that used to be part of the A-H empire. The famous province of Bosnia-Herzegovinian was now placed in a new state dominated by Serbia. This new state was called Yugoslavia (the Slavs of the south). The put in this new state had 6 different provinces, the first being Bosnia-Herzegovinian. They also took Croatia, Slovenia, the State of Serbia, Montenegro (the ‘purest’ Slavs), and Macedonia. One other situation from the A-H was that Italy received the Istrian Peninsula and the city of Trieste. Italy also wanted the city of Fiume, but president Wilson said no. This angered the Italians, and they withdrew from the conference. Italy also signed a separate agreement called the Treaty of Rapallo 1920, dividing Fuime, which remained as a free city. Bulgaria - A separate treaty was signed with Bulgaria in 1919, the Treaty of Neuilly - This treaty wanted to punish Bulgaria for joining the Central Power - There was a sort of vindictiveness after WWI - Greece and Yugoslavia were the principal beneficiaries with regards to Bulgaria who took territory from Bulgaria (Macedonia) o They forced Bulgaria to o 1 million Bulgarians were placed under foreign rule Turkey - The Allies (mainly Britain and France) tried to impose on Turkey a treaty called the Treaty of Sévres, signed on October 10, 1930 - The Sultan agreed to accept the treaty but nationalists in Turkey resisted and said to the Sultan: We’re not happy! As a result, Turkey was the only nation who was able to abort the imposed treaty - Turkey resisted and would not accept what the Allies imposed on them, even though the Sultan accepted it - The Greeks wanted part of Turkey (Anatolia) - In 1919, they attacked Smyrna and captured it. The war ongoing between Greece and Turkey (Greco-Turkish War) - It provoked a reaction among one of the Turkish generals, Mustapha Kernel latter known as a Turk general who had fought during WWI and defeated the
More Less

Related notes for HIS1110

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.