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Early Modern England.docx

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University of Ottawa
Hernan Tesler- Mabe

Early Modern England The English reformation was about political relationships The English Civil war and the glorious reformation were driven by religious issues Henry VIII-1509-1547 England in general was very Roman Catholic, however, he and pope always disagreed over authority Declared “Fidei defensor” by the pope for writing against the pope (Defender of the Faith) Illegal to own a copy of the English bible Tension: the execution of Thomas Beckett Dynastic worries; daughter Mary, but no son  Married to Catherine ofAragon Henry VII: won a battle against two families Catherine ofAragon; was married to Arthur (only a few months) Catherine was to marry Henry VIII instead Henry meetsAnne Boleyn; wants to marry her H asks Pope to annul marriage to Catherine ofA Cardinal Wolsey; advisor to H; caught plotting againstAnne Boleyn Died before Henry could put him on trial Archbishop of Canterbury; appointed in 1532 1533; secretly marries Anne Boleyn Henry VIII went to the ecclesiastical court that the marriage to C ofAwas against god and validated the marriage to Anne Breaking up with Rome Both in 1534: TheAct of Supremacy; King is the head of the Church of England The TreasonsAct: denying the king is the head of the Church of England, Church services began to be held in English, using English prayer books Consequences for the English state State: Complete legal control over England State collected all eccl. Revenue nd became owner of all eccl. Lands Opened up the possibility for pol. Alliances with German Lutheran Princes King became head of state and governor of England, no one in England could claim any higher authority or loyalty to a foreign prince on English Henry: dies in 1547-53 Edward VI Born by: Jane Seymour died in childbirth Came to throne instead of his sisters Very protestant w/ Calvinist rather than Lutheran 1552: book of Common Prayer; inserted the “Black rubric”; which flatly denied transubstantiation Religious images defaced, caused many riots Consequences for churches Faces of saints scratched out Religious scenes whitewashed; and scripture written overtop Small group of very radical Protestants: buried stone alters to prevent them from being destroyed Mary I (1553-58) Married Philip of Spain Opposed to Protestant reform Archbishop Cranmer; was tried and burned for heresy; one of 283 “martyrs” Failed to have children 1558-1603 Elizabeth I Mod. Protestantism Catholics were traitors, because they showed allegiance to a foreign prince Used celibacy as a political benefit English had replaced Latin Christopher Marlowe, William Shakespeare Lots of theatre; more available due to large theatres (i.e. 1596) Age of exploration: Sir Francis Drake; set out in 1577 to steal Spanish gold, and went all the way around the world (took him 3 years) 1600 east India trading company founded Founding of theAmerican cities The Columbian exchange changed the way people ate; potatoes Music: exclusive right to print music Thomas Tallice and William ; both Roman Catholic Duke of Norfolk England= more tolerant Succeeded by James I of Scotland (1603-25) Union of
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