French Revolutions of 1830 & 1848
-Louis XVIII’s Constitutional Charter of 1814 a liberal constitution that made sure
the political & social reforms made by the lower classes during the revolution were
-Also permitted artistic freedom + upper & lower houses were created.
-Louis appointed as his ministers moderate royalists, who got support from the
majority of both houses during his reign (r.1816-1824)
-However, Louis’s Charter was not democratic 100,000 of the wealthiest men got
to vote out of 30 million people. Diverse group of “notable people” wealthy
businessmen, war profiteers, ex-revolutionaries and large landowners from the old
-Louis’s successor, Charles X (r.1824-1830) wanted to return to the old order in
France and dismiss the Charter. He issued decrees stripping much of the wealthy
middle class from its voting rights and censored the press.
-An insurrection in the capital brought by printers, other artisans and small traders
and encouraged by journalists & lawyers occurred. In “three glorious days “the
government collapsed Charles fled upper middle class appoints Charles’s cousin,
Duke of Orleans, Louis Philippe. (r.1830-1848)
-Louis adopted the red,white and blue flag, the Charter of 1814 and the vote was
extended to 170,000. Not much progress Poor of Paris Can I haz votez?
-Caisimir Perier a banker & Louis’s chief minister on the “revolution” “The trouble with
this country is that there too many people like you who imagine that there has been a
revolution in France.
-All of this was dramatized by Delacroix’s painting Liberty, Leading the People. Take a
gander at it in your textbook or online, it’s a very cool painting.
The Revolution of 1848
-Famines and jacked up food prices + unemployment was causing revolutions
-People were unhappy that the government was refusing to consider electoral reform.
Dislike of Louis’s corrupt “Bourgeois Monarchy”.
-Middle class had enough and on February 22 1948 they revolted. By February 24 , th
Louis abdicated in favor of his