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HIS 2135 Class 1.docx

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University of Ottawa
Aaron Boyes

HIS-2135 Mini-Lecture – US to 1945 January 7 , 2013 Military, political, economic and cultural giant - People love or hate Americans - Involved in 2 active wars, thousands of military personnel around the world - Single largest economy in the world o This was not always the case… Nov 4 2008 – Barack Obama elected - Time to celebrate; major milestone in American history o Questions: o How did we get here? o What enabled the US to become such a superpower? o Why are they such a global force today? o What changed to allow these shifts? Today: Beacon of Hope and Liberty - Sole nation standing alone - Americans still cherish the idea of American Exceptionalism o Word has been around since the early 17 centuryh The Thirteen Colonies: - Allegiance to the British crown - Monarchies ruled. - New American identity starts emerging. - 1796 – Washington farewell address warned of two things; first, political factions should not divide the country. Second, US to not get entangled in permanent alliances. Colonies to Nation: - Technological innovations through industrial revolution o A chance to define American character The Civil War, 1861-1865 - Race relations in US important issue o Somehow harmonizing ‘all men are created equal” o Main cause: slavery o 1865 – union prevails; 13 amendment passed later that year outlawing slavery; black Americans given more rights and freedoms though they were still treated as second class citizens (civil rights finally pulled through in the 1960s – a full decade after the civil war) The Monroe Doctrine, 1823 - President James Monroe (1817-1825) - Western hemisphere (north and south America) was the American hemisphere; any attempts by European powers to colonize or establish militaries was a threat to the United States and the American people would act accordingly. - Seen in two lights: o One: idea of policy toward continental affairs – while should not ignore outside factors should focus inward on domestic policy o Two: founding document of US foreign policy in which the US is willing to intervene mil
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