HIS-2135 Mini-Lecture – US to 1945
January 7 , 2013
Military, political, economic and cultural giant
- People love or hate Americans
- Involved in 2 active wars, thousands of military personnel around the world
- Single largest economy in the world
o This was not always the case…
Nov 4 2008 – Barack Obama elected
- Time to celebrate; major milestone in American history
o How did we get here?
o What enabled the US to become such a superpower?
o Why are they such a global force today?
o What changed to allow these shifts?
Today: Beacon of Hope and Liberty
- Sole nation standing alone
- Americans still cherish the idea of American Exceptionalism
o Word has been around since the early 17 centuryh
The Thirteen Colonies:
- Allegiance to the British crown
- Monarchies ruled.
- New American identity starts emerging.
- 1796 – Washington farewell address warned of two things; first, political
factions should not divide the country. Second, US to not get entangled in
Colonies to Nation:
- Technological innovations through industrial revolution
o A chance to define American character
The Civil War, 1861-1865
- Race relations in US important issue
o Somehow harmonizing ‘all men are created equal”
o Main cause: slavery
o 1865 – union prevails; 13 amendment passed later that year
outlawing slavery; black Americans given more rights and freedoms
though they were still treated as second class citizens (civil rights
finally pulled through in the 1960s – a full decade after the civil war)
The Monroe Doctrine, 1823
- President James Monroe (1817-1825)
- Western hemisphere (north and south America) was the American
hemisphere; any attempts by European powers to colonize or establish
militaries was a threat to the United States and the American people would
- Seen in two lights:
o One: idea of policy toward continental affairs – while should not
ignore outside factors should focus inward on domestic policy o Two: founding document of US foreign policy in which the US is willing
to intervene mil