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Lecture

HIS 2363 Course 14.pdf

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Department
History
Course
HIS2363
Professor
Christian Champion
Semester
Fall

Description
Course 14 October-30-13 11:25 AM For the final, memorise 10 paintings and know two factsabout them: • Title • Artist (last name is enough) • Websites=http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/education/toolkit/kitwarart_e.shtml  http://www.parl.gc.ca/About/Parliament/WarPaintings/paintings-e.asp Vimy • Usually the one sighted because it was the first time that all four Canadian division were assembled and trained 9 provinceFlag (Canada) • There was a union Jackon it and it is red Vimy red flag • To represent the first four provinces of Canada Paintings: 1. "Canada`sAnswer" painted by Wilkinson • Painting from the first World War • The painting represents the first wave of Canadians heading to Europe 2. "Battleof Courcelette" painted by Weirter • Representsa great Canadian victory 3. "ForWhat?"painted by Varley • Wheeling away the Canadian troops 4. "Overthe top" painted by Bastien • George Vanier claimedto be the officerholding the pistol • Vanier has a artificialleg after getting his leg blown off during the war 5. "Artist`sown Dug-Out"painted by Topham 6. "LandGirlsHoeing" painted by MacDonald • Wanted to show what the people in Canada that were not fighting were doing, more specificallyshowing what women were doing • On the shores of Lake Ontario, in Belleville 7. "War in the Air" painted by Nevinson • Shows that the Canadians produced many airplanes and aviation for the war 8. "TheCloth Hall, Ypres" painted by Kerr-Lawson • The hall was the town marketin Ypres, it was destroyed during the war 9. "Returningto the ReconqueredLand"painted by Clausen • Civilians coming back to a wasteland • Civilians coming back to a wasteland 10. "Landingthe First Canadian Divisionat Saint-Nazaire,1915" painted by Bundy • Landing of the First Canadian division in France FrenchCanadian opinionand reactionto the war: • Early sense of commoncause • While the war was a great Canadian cause for English Canadians it was not so much for the French • Another manifestationafter the hanging of Riel • "Canadians from coast to coast, including many francophones, enthusiasticallybacked the decision to enter the conflict, "There are no longer FrenchCanadians and English Canadians", the Quebec newspaperLa Patrie announced, "Only one race now exists united by the closest bounds in a common cause" Even Bourassa agreed that it was the duty of Canada "to contribute within the bounds of their strength" to win the war." • The initial response of the French Canadians was to rally to the flag, to Laurier, Bourassa…. • "it would be seen by the world... that Canada, daughter of old England… intends to stand by her… when the call comes… ready, I ready" - Laurier • But by the second year of the war, 1915,Bourassa is starting to go by his original views in South Africawar. Its not that Canada couldn't support, it was just that it was rally right for Canada to go overseas to attack • In 1917,he joined the war on the side of the Kaiser • The war effort was very divisive at home • Another issue that arise in Ontario, for the Frenchis the Ontario school policy, they want to suppress the French all together ○ The Ontario SchoolQuestions: "Ontario Schools Question, an issue regarding the use of the Frenchlanguage in Ontario elementaryschools. It was the first major schools issue to focus on language rather than religion, as English- speaking Catholics and Protestants were both aligned against the French-speaking Catholics.English had been made a compulsory subject in Ontario schools in 1885. In 1890regulations further required that English be the language of instruction, except where it was impracticable.In 1910,after their numbers had grown, Franco-Ontariansorganized l' Association canadienne françaised'éducation d'Ontario to promote French-languageinterests. They were opposed by theORANGE ORDER ,which demanded "English only" education, and by Irish Catholics, led by BishoFALLON of London." ○ Regulation 17: "A commission headed by F.W. Merchant, the province's chief inspector, confirmed that educational quality and English teaching in the bilingual schools were inadequate and recommended better teacher training and the flexible introduction of English as the main language. The government, responding more to political than educational considerations, stressed instead restriction of French. In 1912 Ontario Premier James WHITNEY'S Conservative government issued Regulation 17, which limited the use of French as the language of instruction and communication to the first 2 years in elementary schools. Regulation 17 was amended in 1913 to permit French as a subject of study for one hour per day." • Borden dithered over this, and in February 1916, 5 000 Franco-Ontariens marched on Parliament Hill and wanted Bordon to interviene • He said no, Education is clearly a provincial repsonsibility and its not something I want to get involved in "We'll see what can be done" • Eventually, Regulation 17 was dropped, but there was still a struggle with Education rights in Ontrario, And not fully restored until 1968 • Bourrassa's reaction to
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