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Lecture

Sept 16 Lecture.docx

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Department
History
Course
HIS2363
Professor
Christian Champion
Semester
Fall

Description
Sept 16 Lecture Expansion and Regional Conflict 1896 conservatives kicked out by Laurier (Liberal) How did the British Empire both strengthen and weaken Canada? Strengths: ­ Militarily; had no navy of it’s own. W/O GB navy, would be no control  over fisheries ­  Weaknesses: ­  MacDonald’s success brings in enemies Dominion Gov’t.  Minority Rights BNA (s.93) protected minority school rights –if they existed prior to Confederation Dominion had power of reservation & disallowance (s.90) BNA act protects Protestants in Quebec and Catholics in Ontario  School rights for minorities are written in by law What happened if a minority had rights in another province? Confed. brought about by minority of men No delegates representing: Cape Breton Island Irish Catholics from NB Acadians Rouge from Quebec First Nations; had supported the crown, but prestige had fallen. (Dominion authorities  became arrogant; TF no consideration for FN) Very beginning: protection for groups. Because large min. existed from the beginning; there have been group rights. (British law had always recogn. individuals) New Brunswick Catholics/ Common Schools Act ON and QU schools had status in the law NB­ did not. Existed by custom (created through parishes and families) Ideology of progressive education in Prot. Communities (majority everywhere besides  Quebec) Believed in state enforced public education Catholics; didn’t buy into this.  Extinguish Catholic schools unless they accepted the books from the province Were told they must pay taxes MPs in Ottawa start to get worried Bishop said they didn’t have to pay taxes Sec. 93 said to only apply to ON and QU. Appealed to Ottawa; Ottawa sided with Province. 1871: 160 schools in Saint John alone. Catholics refuse to pay taxes; their property starts to be taken away At least one parishioner was arrested Final court of appeal: in House of Lords The Acadians Est. since early 1600s Expulsion in 7 years war (1755­1760s) Parish schools independent of the gov’t Robert Young Anti­confed. and cab. Minister Protestant Powerful figure in Gloucester County, NB Caraquet (town in Gloucester county) 79 Protestants 3,000 Catholics Young wishes to enforce his “common schools act” in caraquet. The Caraquet riot Nov. 1874 ­ Catholics elected their parish officials ­ People who voted had not paid their taxes ­ Young decides their votes TF does not matter Jan 1875 Young called secret meeting Jan 26 1875 10 constables
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