Oct 28 Lecture
Canada and the First World War
Railway caused a national growth
3 policies as the gov’t’s development strategies for National Policy:
3 reasons why Canadians and New Foundlanders went to war 19141918)
support the British crown?
sense that people could not think through their decision
Why did Canadians join?
Richard Ernest William Turner
2/3 of initial volunteers were Britishborn
sense of loyalty to England or Scotland “old country”
many family members still overseas in Great Britain: TF still an obligation to you.
Dulce et Decorum est – poem by Wilfred Owen
Describes a gas attack
Stereotypical villains of war
Death So Noble: book by Jonathan Vance How people thought about the war during and after the war
The issue of choice; how much do they have?
Canada; automatically at war (part of British empire)
Also a moral obligation to GB
Prosperity of Canada; depended on trade
What sort of navy does Canada have? How can it support GB?
Canadian Navy: 1911 formed
But dissolved by conservatives; dubbed “tinpot” navy
GB: thought it made more sense to defend
Made more sense to contribute to GB than to have its own navy
1913: Gwatkin plan
Plan for saw which Canadian units would go overseas in an event of an emergency
Canada had many regiments before war
1914 all new units created b/c Gwatkin said so
Regimental colours; lists battles of regiment (Royal Canadian Regiment)
Nst Foundlanders: recrui