Film and In-Class Discussion.docx

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International Development and Globalization
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Sonia Gulati

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February 13, 2014 HRBA to Education Education as a Human Right • “The goal of a HRBA to education is to ensure every child a quality education that respect and promotes her or his right to dignity and optimum development.” o BUT, it’s hard to mobilize resources and maintain infrastructure in developing nations (ie. Operational costs), as well as maintaining teacher motivation when the system is imperfect. o Aid to developing countries for education has decreased. • Convention on the Rights of the Child (Education) o Education of the child should be directed to;  (a) The development of the child's personality, talents and mental and physical abilities to their fullest potential;  (b) The development of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, and for the principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations;  (c) The development of respect for the child's parents, his or her own cultural identity, language and values, for the national values of the country cultural identity, language and values, for the national values of the country in which the child is living, the country from which he or she may originate, and for civilizations different from his or her own;  (d) The preparation of the child for responsible life in a free society, in the spirit of understanding, peace, tolerance, equality of sexes, and friendship among all peoples, ethnic, national and religious groups and persons of indigenous origin;  (e) The development of respect for the natural environment • Collective rights vs. Individual rights? o “I don’t want my girls to go to school with boys/certain ethnic backgrounds/etc.”  Makes it difficult, cause friction, to put all children into primary school education.  In some areas, this can be a viable concern due to poor infrastructure, gender violence, etc.  Primary school education teaches social norms and how to live in contemporary society. Video: Education is a human right—make it right! • 795.81M adult illiterate worldwide, with over 500M in Asia. • Education important for the development of the individual, but also the development of the nation. • Is education is a basic human need, like water and shelter? o Not necessary for survival, in general, but to fulfill our human potential. o Basic education, however, is considered a fundamental human need as it is needed to do basic things in life (ie. Administering medication to your child requires advanced health literacy skills in order to avoid adverse effects). Education for All  Led by UNESCO, advocates education in development and importance of education in; sustainable development, clear education targets, establishing new donor coordination, and generating new aid flows.  Highlighting education in the context of health, social welfare, labour, civil society.  Given focus on primary education,  Important Time Periods o 1990 World Conference  Goal 1; universal access to learning  Goal 2; emphasis on learning access   Goal 5; enhancing environment for learning.2000  Goal 6; strengthening partnerships for 2000 o 2000 World Education Forum  Failure of previous goals led to a more narrow approach • Expand early childhood care and education • Provide free and compulsory primary education for all • Promote learning and life skills for young people and adults • Increase adult literacy especially for women • Improve quality of education o 2000 MDGs  Focus on primary education because “bigger bang for your buck”  Operational target to ensure all boys and girls a full course of primary schooling from 5ish years of age to 14 years of age. o 2002 Education for All Fast Track  Wanted to make a push on education  Child Labour o Children should not be working jobs that interferes with schooling by depriving them of the opportunity to attend school, obliging them to leave school prematurely, or requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work.
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