Class Notes (839,146)
Canada (511,218)
Philosophy (1,795)
PHI2183 (60)

Philosophical Essay Guidelines

2 Pages

Course Code
Daniel Kofman

This preview shows 80% of the first page. Sign up to view the full 2 pages of the document.
How to write a good philosophical essay 1. Be pedantic. That is, explain everything, including stating fully the premises of an argument, and providing thumbnail definitions of state-of-the-art terms. Never use a state-of-the-art term such as ‘deontological’, ‘consequentialist’, intuitionist, etc. unless you have provided a brief definition somewhere so that the reader can go back to it and hold you to it, verifying that you are using the term consistently with your definition. (If you defined more than one sense, be clear later which sense you are using). 2. Show awareness of the best arguments against your own view. Don’t ignore the strongest objections or create straw men that are easy to knock down. In any major controversy there will be opposing considerations. Develop the discipline of striving to criticise your own view, not just to defend it, and try to anticipate all reasonable objections. Be intellectually honest, and be ready to modify or even abandon a view you wished to defend if you can’t answer an objection. It is sometimes perfectly respectable, as well, to state that you can’t take sides on some issue, as long as you have articulated good reasons why neither side is more appealing. 3. Refute or neutralise the opposing considerations to the best of your ability. It is not enough simply to cite opposing views and then announce that you agree with the other side. You have to argue this out by defeating or sidelining the objections. But be sure that you have first shown the appeal of the rival view as fairly as possible; this will only strengthen and add subtlety to your position. 4. By all means use secondary sources (commentaries on the main texts) to help make various points, and to familiarise yourself with the main positions on an issue. But always, YOU must take responsibility for any point that you make. It doesn’t lend authority to your point that so-and-so happens to say the same thing: if the reader can disagree with you the reader can also disagree with your famous commentator. So you may say, “As Feinberg points out…”, etc., since then you are responsible for defending the point if it requires defense. But the fact that he or she said it doesn’t prove it’s true. You may also, of course, make an important point by disagreeing with a commentator. 5. Avoid wasting valuable time and space with flowery introductions and irrelevant rhetoric and information, including biographical facts. No need, for instance, to say: “Rawls is one of the most important…”; go straight to the arguments. (This advice was originally intended for exam essays. In a longer paper there is a bit more space for stylistic flourishes or contextual introductions, but it is important to be aware that normally these contribute nothing to the philosophical value of the paper. Elegance and precision, however, do.) 6. Avoid announcing your undefended opinions, or telling the reader ho
More Less
Unlock Document

Only 80% of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.