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POL 2104 C - Intro to Comparative Politics - Emily Regan Wills - 25 Mar. 31.docx

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Political Science
Emily Regan Wills

POL 2104 C - Intro to Comparative Politics - Emily Regan Wills - 25 Mar. 31 Euromaydan protests in Ukraine Outline of this TA’s presentation • The goals of the protestors • Repression tools of the state • Patterns of violence • The failure of the regime • Current situation Key Dates • 21 Nov. 2013 : Ukrainian government announces it won’t sign a deal aimed at strengthening ties with the EU • 22 Nov. 2013 : start of EuroMaydan protests • 30 Nov. 2013: Crackdown on protesters in Maydan - 50 seriously injured - reinvigorates protests • Late Jan.: Protests became violent Protester Info • Party association - 92% : no affiliation to any organization - 04% : party members - 03.5% : belong to civic organizations - 01% : belong to civic movements • 56% male, 44% female • Age - avg age = 36 - 38% : 15-29 y/o - 49% : 30-54 y/o - 13% : 55+ y/o Outbreak of violence: Dictatorship laws • Some provisions: • Criminalizing “extremist activity” • Jailing for gathering and disseminating information about the police forces, judges, or their families • Anti-mask law with the provision of up to 15 days in jail for participation in peaceful gatherings Second Outbreak of violence • Feb. 18-19 : High Intensity Violence - Protest in response to failure by parliament to consider reduction of Presidential power - Violent attack on Maidan by police • Feb. 20: High intensity violence - Use of snipers against protesters - political defections b/c of violence - majority votes against repression Feb. 21: The Regime dissolves • Noon: Yanukovych announces agreement with opposition - early elections; 2004 constitution - police guarding President defect; • Afternoon: Maidan against agreement • Late Evening: SBU announces end to “anti-terrorist operation” - Yanukovych leaves Kyiv, leaving everything Why Yanukovych fell • Brittle authoritarian state - Regime populated by opportunists unwilling to take the risks necessary for high intensity repression - Every effort to crack down immediately followed by back tracking → more protest - Open shooting on protesters leads to large scale defection of Party & coercive apparatus Current Situation • Interim government • Presidential elections in May 2014 • Civic unrest continues • Military threat posed by Russia US Counterinsurgency Policy, race, and atrocity • Linkages to “Race, Ethnicity, Religion,” and beyond… • Research questions: 1) Is there a link between atrocities committed during American counterinsurgency campaigns & race? 2) Is there continuity between the counterinsurgency techniques deployed in the Philippines & in Iraq in this respect? Jung’s conception of Race & Racism • had a conception of race as the problem - Dahl also saw cleavages as a problem for unity • thought there should be a Reconceptualization - what is power? - thought about the 3 faces of power, and the defaced power - power is different from what we normally think about it, power is about defining the field of what is politics • Why does this change our conception of these identity markers? - political identities are attached to certain powers and qualities - identities should be seen as claims-making, for certain access to rights Existence of Race - Proceeding from a constructivist position, we’ll understand how race is created and constructed differently - Some people thought that race could be decided scientifically, inaccurate - Both the TA and Jung think of race as a social construct Discursive Analysis? • TA adopted this method • Intertextuality - texts can be understood in relation to other texts and to other signs Ex: chair → throne, royalty, monarchy etc. → or bathroom, toilet, etc. • This creates a massive web of intertextuality, as every text refers to other texts and ideas • Creating certain borders around certain words and fixing meanings is a political act - It makes certain words mean certain things in the contemporary society Domestic Discourse of Race • The New Jim Crow, Michelle Alexander - TA saying we should read this • Example of Blackness - war on drugs incarcerates lots of young black men > once found guilty, found in a system favouring mass incarceration - b/c of jail, they move into an area of invisible punishment > harder to get a job > negative stigma > thus likely to get jailed again - black criminals are contr
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