Class Notes (836,563)
Canada (509,855)
POL3102 (46)

Sigmund Freud.pdf

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Political Science
Sascha Maicher

March 24, 2014 SIGMUND FREUD There's been a change in the conception of self A change in how we reason We started with what the enlightenment was about- finding abstract reason, which is outside of history  Enlightnment's conception of man is a timeless quality o Our biggest abilities were not a result of time  Enlightenment focused on the individual o Individually, we could use our reason to determine what was correct  19th century: who are we are depends on where we are o This is already shift in the enlightenment conception  What is the meaning and goal of this history that we're in? o Optimism  Faith in progress, both scientific, technological and political  Kant in perpetual peace: talked about individual logic and rationality that would lead to advances  Hegel + Marx: logic is no longer as individualistic. Their stories are about societies which determine our level of progress  Nietzsche: moral are rationalizations; has history but does not have faith in rationality, and does not have as much faith in progress; we may be historical creatures, but this isn't necessarily a good thing- reason here is beginning to show its dark side- it is reason that's cutting us off from meaning; looking at history: we don't see society as being as increasingly rational, moral and better- moral beliefs are the result of non rational forces in nature  Humans find themselves in a cold humanistic universe with no reason for doing anything, we feel like a machine just trucking along.  Kant + Nietzsche represent the dominant modes of thought in their time  20th century o Things get worse o Freud + Weber: each in their way get something from Nietzsche and his destabilization of the project of modernity  Freud is going to challenge the importance of reason in determining our behavior and actions  Rationality is not just a source of good- a source of unfreedom rather than freedom.  The less that political thinkers are clear about what people are like, the more difficult it is for them to harmonize them- this is a question of psychology, maybe philosophy.  Gives a theory that is in line with trains of thought of the time o What does his theory mean for the way society is organized? o What is the self we are trying to organize in this society?  Freud found out that a lot of different disciplines weren't talking to each other and because of this, there were many things that weren't being discussed that maybe could have been.  Freud is concerned with sexuality- sexual neuroses and sexual problems  One way to think about Freud: what motivates human behavior? o Answer falls into two camps:  20th c Nietzschians: everything is about power (power in the literal, broad sense)  Freudians: all about sex, all the time  One of the most powerful drives we have is heros(sp)- says a lot about what it means to be a subject, for Freud  What does the idea of the "subject" mean for politics? o Is economics ultimately about psychology?- it is about what you think is best for humans. o Freud's theory is a theory of the self  Sees us having basic, deep, instinctual drives and these motivate our actions.  Biological account, sounds Nietzschian  These drives work in the background, they are not conscious drives  Romantic notion of the self- a deepe "you" to be discovered  We can't access what motivates us using self-refletion because our deep instinctual forces are not there for us to see- human motivation is not transparent.  Using economic theory: what does macroeconomic theory depend on to give it stregnth; universality- some basic assumptions about human
More Less

Related notes for POL3102

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.