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POL3102 (46)

Nietzsche Part 2

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Political Science
Sascha Maicher

March 20, 2014 NIETZSCHE CONT’D  5 main dangers occurring in the historical scholarship of his day (wants knowledge to produce energies and vitalities) o Kind of history happening undercuts joy o Kind of history happening makes us feel feeble, that our individual actions are too feeble to change the grand narrative o Modern historical knowledge piles up facts without picking apart what is most important o Modern historical knowledge produces jaded relativism; since things keep changing, what’s happening now doesn’t matter o This kind of history inspire cynicism about the individual’s role in the world  Doing history this way saps the individual of the desire to do anything to change the world.  Critique of history becoming like science  Critique of philosophers of the day, mainly Hegel (pg 47) o Thinks Hegel has the wrong attitude towards history and that he is looking at it wrong o Bad enough to suggest we’re a stage in history, but the worst is to suggest that we have reached the end (pg 50)  Dead facts is only part of how we live o Our knowledge is about causal processes, teaching ourselves like objects o We need to find a way to change, not just feel good with where we are, and scientific knowledge does just that. o We need the antidote  Un-historical attitude: forget the past, think in the present  Super historical: shift from what changes to focus on what is eternal  Nietzsche against history done poorly, not against history in its entirety  Ultimately what matters is having full rich experiences o We should look at our lives like it’s some sort of performance art  Some is more or less profound- some is just decoration o N seeks to empower and develop our creative forces  How does one take the right attitude to history and ourselves? o Thinks our culture gives us sham needs- we’re taught to seek things that do nothing for us  Nietzsche: strips away social illusion o 1, The idea that there is a pre-existing soul and 2, we have some kind of will (free will) o 3, that we have have transparency of intellect  Imbededness: we’re always a physical thing in the world- we have drives and instincts that make us do irrational things GENEALOGY OF MORALS  What is genealogy? o Tracing back the origins, usually used in relation to families  What is the story? o Telling the story of the origin of morals  Compare this to Kant: morals are timeless and always there  Nietzsche: morals developed over time  Interested in the most basic division of actions into good and evil  Morality is presented as a human construct, a result of culture  Beliefs about good/bad rose up from h
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