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Lecture 16

PSY 1101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Albert Bandura, Mirror Neuron


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 1101
Professor
Najwa Haddad
Lecture
16

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Lecture 16
Learning by Observation
LEARNING BY OBSERVATION
Definition
!We watch and observe the social world around us and we see
what is accepted and punished.
!We observe behaviours of role models by imitating them.
Infants
!Humans or animals from beginning observe and imitate.
!Biological predisposition to observe and imitate.
Bandura
!Social cognitive perspective
!Personality
!(see below)
Mirror neurons
!Highly specialized neurons that activate when we are doing an
activity.
!But they also activate when someone else does an activity.
!If we infer that someone else is going a specific activity, the mirror
neurons activate.
!The activate while doing, watching and inferring.
!They could be involved in empathy, complex psychological
process such as learning.
!They are found all over the brain including the motor cortex.
Advantages and disadvantages of learning through observation:
Advantages:
!We learn through people.
!We can teach a lot through observation such as kindness,
compassion, etc by modelling behaviours ourselves.
!Learning from other’s mistakes.
Disadvantages:
!Aggression
o!Violence in media.
o!Influences and affects violence in real life.
o!National Institute of mental Health (NIMH)
!!Direct cause and effect relationship between
violence and aggression in media of violence in real life.
o!How?
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