Class Notes (839,195)
Canada (511,223)
Psychology (4,079)
PSY2105 (189)

Class 3. Research Methods.docx

5 Pages

Course Code
Caroline Sullivan

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.
Research Methods The importance of Research  Autism Bruno Bettelheim ‘Refrigerator Mother’ – cold distant mother, kids less likely to develop attachment to their mothers  Consequences  37 families with an autistic child 3 mothers with mental health issues  No comparison with families without an autistic child Importance of Code of Ethics  Lobotomies  “Little Albert”  Milgram Choosing a Research Strategy Research Methods  The specific activities of participants Questionnaires Interviews Observations Etc. Research Design  Overall plan for the study Permits the best test of the research question. Hypothesis A prediction often drawn from a theory. Research can:  Test a prediction of one theory against that of another  Test a prediction of one theory  Start with a research question, if there is no theory Variables Independent  Experimenter changes, or manipulates  Expected to cause changes in another variable Dependent  Experimenter measures, but does not manipulate  Expected to be influenced by the independent variable Avoiding Confounding Variables  Random Assignment Researchers use unbiased procedure to assign participants to treatment conditions Sometimes combined with matching participants on key characteristics Types of Research  Descriptive research consists of conducting observations or interviews and recording responses  Correlational research aims to describe the association between two variables  Experimental research aims to show a causal relationship between one variable and another Descriptive Research: systematic Observation Naturalistic Observation  In the “field” or natural environment where behavior happens Structured Observations  Laboratory situation set up to evoke behavior of interest  All participants have equal chance to display behavior Limitations of Systematic Observation  Observer Influence Participants may react in unnatural ways Can be minimized  Observer Bias Observers record what they expect, rather than what really happens A serious danger Interviews Clinical Interview  Flexible, conversational style  Probes for participant’s point of view Structured Interview  Each participant is asked same questions in same way  May use questionnaires, get answers from groups Limitations of Clinical Interviews  Accurac
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.