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Lecture 10

PSY3103 Lecture 10: Learning and Conditioning

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Catherine Plowright

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Rule governed behavior rules vs conditioning A rule is a verbal description of a contingency (p. 453) An instruction says something about how to respond Rules can be inaccurate * Rules can be inadequate (no-one really learns to cook just from verbal directions) D * Rules are context specific: There is an S (who said it, in what tone) e.g. “Always cross the road at an intersection”—more likely to be followed when your mother is around? * Some “rules” are just post-hoc explanations or justifications—intelligent sounding accounts are usually reinforced; “I have no idea” gets punished. Rules speed up learning • With conditioning, you can learn from your mistakes. • With rules, you can also learn from the mistakes of others disadvantages: Once a rule has been stated, behaviour can be insensitive to the actual contingencies. • 3 boys with autism: David and Joey (age 5) and Frank (age 3). • Tested to make sure they could identify objects (ball, cookie) and perform the actions (clap your hands) described in rules. • test: show image..if this is a carrot then clap, if this is a car then wave, etc • Correct answers: child given item that was previously judged as a preferred item (Premack principle) •
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