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Shirley Griffith

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PERSONALITY – FEBRUARY 12 ABRAHAM MASLOW - Third approach between psychoanalysis and behaviourism - Healthy side, not just abnormal - Missing the most important part – person themselves, not just individual behaviour. - Admitted unconscious side, but focused more on the conscious side. Hierarchy of Needs - Two basic kinds of motives - Deficiency motive/need  Lack of some needed object  Basic need like hunger and thirst • Satisfied when object has been obtained.  Sometimes, only need considered. • Ex. Freud w/ tension reduction. - Growth need  Giving love to another person, developing one’s potential.  Not satisfied when object is found. • (Continual process) - Five basic categories of needs: 1. Physiological needs  Some people’s lives still revolve around getting basic needs. 2. Safety needs  Structure and order, security – free from chaos and fear.  Most evident when stability is threatened, destruction is eminent. • Put up with unhappy marriage to avoid instability. 3. Belongingness and love needs a. D love • Based on deficiency o Need this to satisfy emptiness. o Taking love to fulfil this, as opposed to giving it b. B love • Based on growth o Giving and growing together. o Orientation towards affectionate relationships. 4. Esteem needs a. Need for competence, achievement mastery, etc. • Needs to be respect that we actually deserve, not obtained by cheating or lying. o Feel like worthwhile people, deserving.  Thwarting these needs = inferiority b. Need for admiration • Self-esteem and from others. 5. Need for self-actualization • Only a fraction of people reach this ‘ultimate’need. • Development of self. • All lower level needs, we ask what the meaning of life is, what we want from it. - Admits five-tier needs over-simplify behaviour. - Sometimes esteem can be reversed with the love need. - Needs don’t have to be satisfied to 100%, but need to satisfy at least a certain amount. - Could change between culture.  Win self-esteem or self-respect from different places in different cultures.  What is valued.  Sexual desires both physiological and belongingness and love need. Rogers and Maslow are very similar in self-actualized people They are: - Efficient and accurate in perceiving reality - Accepting of themselves, of other people, and of nature. - Are spontaneous
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