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Class 5. 1960's.docx

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Liam Kilmurray

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1960’s Prior Conditions/Structural Explanations of 1960 - Advanced Capitalism (technological changes) - Larger student population - Continuance and intensifying of cold war - Economic boom - New left, Marxist thought and social activism in academia Political Opportunity 1. Multiplicity of different centers of power 2. Openness to new ‘actors’ (increased access to political participation – ex. voter drives, more youth, more recruitment, more organizations ‘allowed’) 3. Instability of current political alignments (Elite divisions – ex. post 1776 Britain) 4. Availability of allies/supporters for challengers 5. Extent of ‘regime’s’ repression or facilitation on Collective Claim Making 6. International Dimension (blocs, trade, pressures, etc.) 7. Decisive changes in 1-6 Master Frame - Organizational capabilities and success of civil rights movement leads to ‘copy cat’ movements - “Early Risers”, inspiration for others, increased enrolment, optimism Civil Rights Movement - Profound Impact on most modern social and protest movements - Post WW2 a crucial era - 1950’s origins - Urban migrations (NB) - Central role of Churches - Key individuals - Studying this important era in American history highlights the power of civic participation in a democratic society, the roe of non-violence in social movements, the significance of voting rights, the tensions between state and local control, the capacity of the courts address injustice, and the ways in which different group define national and community membership Conditions for Protest: Vietnam - Ideological issues (South Vietnam a poor eg. of ‘democracy’, latent sympathy for the Communist North) - Media coverage - Horrific weaponry (mass aerial bombing, flamethrower, agent orange) - Conscription (racial issues) - Total draftees (1964-73) 1,728, 344 (657,000 served in Vietnam) World Politics, 1968 Conflicts - Cold War - Paris Uprising - Prague Spring - Vietnam - Northern Ireland - Angola - Mozambique - Namibia - North Korea - Mali - Nigeria - Argentina - Cambodia - South Africa Conditions For Protest: USA - Civil Rights - Southern USA - Chicago Conference - Assassination of Kenne
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