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Assisted Reproductive Technologies – November 21st

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Ariel Fuenzalida

SOC2101  –  Assisted  Reproductive  Technologies  –  November  21st     • Feminist sociology of health and feminist medical anthropologists • New technologies, so things are still changing all the time • Ethics, issues with gender…blur traditional ways of thinking How Has Technology Affected Medicine • Vaccinations, screenings, stem cell research, laboratory medicine… Assisted Reproductive Technologies • ART’s were initially developed to overcome intractable infertility. They include: o Intrauterine insemination (IUI) o In vitro fertilization (IVF) for infertile women with blocked fallopian tubes o Donor insemination (DI) for cases of male infertility • In 1978, the world’s first test-tube baby was born via IVF a technique whereby sperm and eggs are retrieved from bodies allowed to fertilize in a petri dish and then transferred as fertilized embryos back to the woman’s uterus • Louise Brown, the first test-tube baby grew up without any abnormalities. • Changed the binary of sex and procreation, nature and procreation, informal and formal labour especially with surrogacy • Notion of parenthood o Notion of kinship o If kinship (social relations) is seen to be rooted in the natural facts of biological reproduction then nature of kinship itself is called into question. Certain destabilization of parenthood, through the assistance of these technologies a 3 rdparty enters. A new distinction between social and biological parenting. Kinship was always considered something natural, now this definition is problematized o ART’s have served to marginalize alternate means of
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