Sociology started with A. Comte where he argued that society is a living organic that
requires each part of the society support and influent each other.
Then we have Marx
Emile Durkheim (18581917)
1887Goes to Bordeaux where he teaches a course in sociology (study German
1896Sets up a sociology Dept. at Bordeaux (He get the PHD and the school
hires him as a professor. He was given the resources to build the department)
1902Goes to the Sorbonne (Paris) where he sets up a Sociology Dept. (He is
given another resources to build his second Sociology Dept. It is called sociology
Why government wants Durkheim?
Because of Comte, there are natural laws of the society that limit what you can do.
French knew that you couldn’t only image the world.
Like Comte, he saw society as being in a state of crisis:
1789The working classes rallied to the side of the capitalist (The great French
Remove the restriction on property so that economy will goes up.
Dictatorship on Napoleon so that France has the power again
1830The ruling classes fight among themselves
Shift in term o