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Lecture 9

SOC 2114 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Collectivism, Northern Ireland, Interculturalism


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 2114
Professor
Adolphine Y.Aggor- Boateng
Lecture
9

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Week 8- The Quebec state and the management of ethnocultural diversity:
Perspectives on an ambiguous record (Salée, 2005)
1. Immigrant population in Canada
-Quebec’s experience in Canada
quebec and diversity management
multiculturalism
missing
1. Quebec vs Canada-immigrant population in Quebec
year Population % of can pop
07-08 45,870 18.4
08-09 46,508
2. Quebec’s experience in Canada
-From dominant to subordinate position
-Inclusion of outsiders
-Political struggles to regain its dominant/ powerful status and political autonomy.
3. Descriptions of the outcome of diversity management
-Ambiguous (confusing, vague, meaningless)
-Quandary (different, problematic, dilemma)
-Contradictory
-Unattainable project
4. Why?
-The power of the state
-European sense of superiority
-Marginalization and devaluation of radicalized (other) groups
-Emphasis on culture, not on wealth
6.
1968-1978 -Legal recognition (ethnocultural
diversity)
-French as public language
1980s -Integration of immigrants into
mainstream economy
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-French language for cultural
convergence
1990s -Moral contact
-Liberal democratic values
-Civic and political allegiance
1975 -Quebec charter
1985-1989 -Gained recognition (self-government)
-Development of cultures, language and
tradition
5. Poor outcome due to:
-Funding
-Management
-Poor advise
-Bureaucracy
-Resistance
A comparative analyze of Canadas multiculturalism and Quebec
‘interculturalism’
6. Multiculturalism
-Same treatment for the French and racialized groups
-Disempowerment of the French (nationalism)
-Simplistic categorization of ethnic groups
-Rigid definition of the public sphere
-Emphasis on Anglo-Saxon/ Christian standard
7. Interculturalism is a policy used to fight racism, to ensure group integration and to
promote successful nation-building
-Not open to diversity (emphasis on the French)
-Homogenization through cultural convergence
-Emphasis on political issues (not on social inequality)
8. Interculturalism
-Recognizes cultural diversity and nation building
-Focuses on nation, ethic groups and lifestyles
-Recognizes multiple identities, but establishes common grounds for interaction
(edu ad language)
- Reclaims the (fragmented) French nation
-Promotes cultural exchange through understanding of other cultures
-Promotes fusion or convergence of cultures
-Encourages reasonable accommodation, not tolerance
-Discourages ethic enclaves
9. Limitations
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-Does not place equal value on all cultures
-Emphasizes language assimilation
-Prioritizes education and language over common blood and ethnic ties
-Focuses on collective (commonalities) rather than individual identity
10. Theoretical framework for understanding power relations in Canada and Quebec
-Hegemonic cultural categories- the English or the French- the solitudes, charter
groups and two-nations
-Class analysis (alone) cannot explain existing power relations
-Favors liberal ideas without integration, freedom and respect for recialized group
-‘Eurodescendants’ dominate and racialized others
11. “The time of the two solitudes” has passed. Now is the time….demands that we
learn to see….for the good of all.” (Michelle Jean 2005)
12. Quebec and citizenship
-Procedural (thin vision)
-Substantive (thick vision)
Inability to deal with tension between the two
13. Theoretical Explanation
-Features of the modern nation=state and Foucaults technologies of power (bio-
power)
-Technologies of power perpetuate exclusion through regulation of subjects and
social boundaries
-The state establishes links between the individual and socialstructures in support
of capitalism
-Formed through exclusionary processes (racist)
-Enjoys sovereign power and uses their powers to either kill or guarantee life
-Exclusions are real violence (not symbolic)
14. Bio-power and the rhetoric of interculturalism Quebec:
-Does not focus on improving the socioeconomic status of minority groups
-Wants to liberate itself (subordinate/ underdog position), and unwilling to give up
its sense of superiority and powerful position
-Creates socio-economic boundaries between majority and minority groups
-The west appropriates the culture and materials conditions of the non-western
people and deny them their achievements
-Western societies, including Quebec, do not see the evils of their society
(colonialism, slavery, imperialism, globalization, etc.)
-Western states create hierarchies to manage minority groups
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