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Lecture

SRS 1110 Lecture Notes - Fraxinus, Cailleach, Toutatis


Department
Religious Studies
Course Code
SRS 1110
Professor
Lucie Dufresne

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CELTIC
Freya
Celtic one: think of the goddess being a diamond: WOMEN
All of these Celtic ones are Sidh “fey” fairy
Fairy as in sorcerer in snow white, fairy god mother in cinderella, ladies who are extremely powerful, neither good nor bad,
very dangerous. biggest power is to change fate
Cerridwen
She’s known by her chauldron
She’s the mistress of magic
Morriganne : she’s a war goddess, she turns into a crow. She’s the goddess of transformation. She eats the bodies of the
dead so that they can be re-born. She’s the lady of the cross-roads
Cailleach (hag) she also transforms, rather rude statue that you see in old churches, huge vulva in your face, always on the
wall that opens to the cemetary. The idea is that you’re born by a woman and you’re re-born by a woman. She’s the door you
have to go through for re-birth
These are names of gods (celtic) MEN
Sucullus (hammer)
Belonos (Brilliant)
Lugh (light)
Esus (good)
Dagda (cauldron-the Good God)
Taranis (Thunder)
Cernunnos/herne/cern (Stag)
Teutates (tribe)
The women: all women are part of the feminine divine (Celtic)
Epona (horse)
Matres/madrones (The mothers) theres always 3, comes from the word “matron”
Artio (Bear)
Bride (Bright Arrow)
Time is what we perceive it to be
Most of our notions about how everyday magic works comes through early medieval thoughts
This is the part that never got Christianized: Gnomes, Fairies, Horses that turn into ppl, etc. NOT vampires
Merlin = owl
Garden gnomes = come from Switzerland, Germany, something of the earth
We’re in the world of Tolken, Harry Potter, in the land of the Witch the Lion and the Wardrobe
Neneton
Meeting in the forrest whether either the sunlight or moonlight can touch you your feet are in the ground and the underworld
can touch you
Each of the spirals: Air, Earth, water (this is stability)
3 is important, the conjunction of 3 is important

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Hawthorne: child of the original Hawthorne: ancestor of tree been there for thousands of years
Fountain (France?)
Red water is the blood of Christ, Fountain of youth, drink it to renew yourself
They’re all originally Celtic female divine sights, blessing of the earth given freely to ppl, seen as healing
Just a few in Canada
Lake St. homes in Edmonton??
Madron
Boggy
Ground is muddy
Mud hole
What you do is best place to give offering, leave request
Tie piece of cloth which you spit on (part of yourself is on it) and you pray on what you wish and it flies around on that branch
1 year and a day (you get your wish)
For the Celtic everything started when the sun came down, it all started in anticipation
Plant a seed, send out a wish, tell a little bird
You expect a response, but not immediately
Places where you can access more than one realm is where you can leave offerings
Jewellery is destroyed so that it can ONLY belong to the Gods
This is where we get the idea about throwing coins into the fountain and make a wish
The Celts believed that you paid upfront (not doing something and paying them back later, it’s always upfront)
Gournay
Put swords, military equipment, and sometimes ppl (human sacrifice, not common)
It’s the portal between this world and the next where you send something
Epona: Goddess
She’s also the white mayor
The king of Ireland had to marry to become the King
She took the form of a white horse
The political winner, was kind of election mixed with kind of battle whoever won and proved their valler as a political person
had to prove his valler as a man and had to become the spouse of the goddess
He had to have sex with the horse in front of everyone
Because Epona is the land and the land feeds you, he kills the horse gathers up her blood in a huge cauldron cuts up her
meat makes a stew and feeds his ppl while he wear her skin
In the middle ages the British version of this became our story of Lady Godiva (wife of a local king who’s a bastard who does
treat his ppl well and he’s so miserable that his wife is so ashamed of him. So shame him, she rides her white mayor through
the county clothes only by her long hair a.k.a this is what you’ve done to my ppl you’ve striped them of their dignity. the
people didn’t even look at her but the husband changed his ways
Godiva is Epona
Idea of land being female
Elizabeth the First Victoria are the only Queens who have been Queen in their own name and they’re both very modern
It was only after wars and disasters that we’ve had females as Queens??/rulers in Britain
The ruler of Britain had to ride on her stallion
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