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Lecture

SRS2112 Lecture Notes - Zurvanism, Zoroaster, Yazata


Department
Religious Studies
Course Code
SRS2112
Professor
e

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Zoroastrianism
Zoroaster and Persian Religion
oIndo-Iranians originally from area of the Asian Steppes
oAsian Steppes stretch roughly from the Lower Volga to the borders of Kazhakstan
Early Indo-Iranians
oClosely related to the Indian people
oNomadic
oHerded long horned cattle
oPart of the Andronovo Culture
oDistinguished by bronze metal work in 2nd millenium BCE
oNamed after village of Andronovo discovered in 1914
Indo-Aryan Cultural Grouping
oNar – Warrior (literally translated as Man)
oZaotar – Priest (one who makes the offerings)
oVastar – Pasturer (one who tends the herds)
Further Grouping

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oAthravan – Priest
oVastry fsuyant – Cattle fattening Pasturer
oKhvasar – good pasture
oRathaestar – chariot rider (warrior)
Beliefs of the Ancient Iranians
oPrior to the rise of Polytheistic Worldview
oGods are supernatural but kind beings
oAsha” - Universal Principle
o - “That which ought to be”
Creation of Universe
oBelieved that the gods, created the world in seven stages
oSeven Stages:
a. Sky
b. Water
c. Earths
d. Plants
e. Animals
f. Man
g. Fire
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