ANT101H5 Lecture Notes - Homo Heidelbergensis, Oldowan, Acheulean

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5 Mar 2013
Lecture Chapter 11
Homo Erectus
Stone Tools
Food Hunter vs. Scavanger; plants
No evidence for tools
Fire occasional (?)
Pg. 243 all evidence for fire has been overturn
Wonderworks cave in South Africa great evidence for controlled fire use
Not habitual and just occasional because there is not consistent evidence
Language (?) endocast
Based on brain structure, it is possible for speech but not as complex
We just do not have the evidence
Homo erectus to Premodern Humans
Early homo to homo erectus was a quick evolutionary change
Fig. 11-10
Times and Tools
600, 000 year ago or earlier, we see the beginning of one or more transitional
species that are grouped together as pre-moderns
Homo hiedelbergensis and Homo neanderthalensis
Transitions from homo erectus to modern humans is much more complex
because it is closer in time to us and much more gradual
This transition is problematic in eastern Asia because we know less about it
Cultural transitions are distinctive enough where we practice the cultural
complexes and give them names
*** What tool tradition and hominins are associated with the lower
Paleolithic, middle Paleolithic and to some extent the upper Paleolithic
Geological Periods and Climate Change
Figure 11-2 & 11-1
Time period of multiple ice ages with more climates
Whenever you have glaciers in Europe, (right top figure) you have deserts
across northern Africa
Difficult for migration to happen outside of South Africa
Interglacial period, Europe is a mild climate, Africa has a lot more rainfall and
therefore this is a good time for migration to occur
Premoderns: Homo heidelbergensis
Transition form Homo erectus to Homo sapiens
PAGE 254 why there is focus on bumping more than splitting
Premodern we are talking about Homo heidelbergensis
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