HIS261H5 Lecture Notes - Algonquin Language, Lake Simcoe, Early Modern Europe

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Published on 12 Apr 2013
School
UTM
Department
History
Course
HIS261H5
Professor
History of Canada:
Early Years
Slow initial growth: discover of the St. Lawrence, 1642 no formal activity for 60 years,
discovered & claimed and left. All has to do with European circumstances, what did develop was
commercial fishery in the coast of newfoundland, the ocean below and beyond, the gulf of St.
Lawrence in the 60 years no formal discovery, fisherman came from various European ports and
substantive fishery developed. “Green Fishery” caught the fish in large numbers put them on
your ship & packed them on your ship with salt, took a month/few weeks, sail right back to
Europe, never went on the land. Another way was “dry fishery” go on to the shore, laid them out
to dry and hope they would fit and repack them on your ship, used more by the English men.
Developed a port along NFLD “Red Bay” catching whales occurred, which was very dangerous
at the time. Whale was a huge animal.
Sainte Marie among the Huron: Partial territory claim to certain shores, French fishery would
claim one, English another etc, territorial claim to come back to the same spot at prime time
during the spring. This was a population of settled people in some sense because they would
regularly return to the same spot. Europeans were using the sea, no conflict with the Aboriginals
at that time, very small contact, spin off industry was the fur trade: reason popular in Europe
was raw material for making hats, way you make felt from fur, you don’t use the hair on the
surface, you use that below you can scrape off the material, the fur trade was profitable resource
as a separate industry started emerging after 1503, center of fur trade was much further inland,
for centuries had. Further upstream the French would have more notes,
- Champlain: first attempt at fur trade operation to bring out settlers to run it, in Bay of
Fundy, 1603 began to try to set up a fur trade there, not successful not many natives and
furs, Champlain had the idea to go further inland. Brought only a few dozen men to start
the fur trade.
- Native role in founding, 1608 founding compare of Canada: due to the first real
settlement, Quebec City considers this to be the year it was found. Genesis of Canada,
establishment of this French colony, history of a country French colony
Never much of a fishery in St. Lawrence river, but it was to be a fur trade settlement,
made an alliance with the people who were Algonquin speaking people, two immediate
Consequences of this arrangement: supply with fur 1) made enemies with Iroq, lived south of
there had long with competition with Algonquin people, now suddenly Champlain had formally
alliance with one of the two sides, the second was due to this alliance, the Algonquin made them
go inland where they alliance with the Huron., Iroq began a connection with Quebec/Montreal
with upper countries due to alliance with Algonquians,
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Document Summary

Slow initial growth: discover of the st. lawrence, 1642 no formal activity for 60 years, discovered & claimed and left. All has to do with european circumstances, what did develop was commercial fishery in the coast of newfoundland, the ocean below and beyond, the gulf of st. Lawrence in the 60 years no formal discovery, fisherman came from various european ports and substantive fishery developed. Green fishery caught the fish in large numbers put them on your ship & packed them on your ship with salt, took a month/few weeks, sail right back to. Another way was dry fishery go on to the shore, laid them out to dry and hope they would fit and repack them on your ship, used more by the english men. Developed a port along nfld red bay catching whales occurred, which was very dangerous at the time.

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