J-cole"s song; reference to slavery, how the past echoes into the present. Political, cultural, social experiences of african americans have deep roots in their history and is present today. Police brutality, white supremacy, racism, inequality, lack of education, inner city violence (black on black violence as a part of the larger system) How the history of usa is grounded in larger in economic and political processes. 15th century: the americas was referred to as the new world. Christopher columbus discovered americas to develop new systems of production. The americas were colonized, not discovered; used land for goods through labour. Ideal colonies had access to water to trade resources. Reasons of colonization; economic, political, and cultural: moral responsibility to take out the uncivilized with christianity. Europeans escaped to america to avoid religious persecution. 1492-1550; fewer than 500,000 europeans and africans arrive in the new.