British cabinet and today; he is only a representative of the queen and holds no connection to the british. Government: canadian pm appoints gg for a term of 5 years and he appoints both anglophones and francophone. The queen and governor general derive their powers from three sources: the constitution act- 1867, letters patent and the royal prerogative: the queen was given power to appoint extra senators by the 1867 act. These are unwritten powers and are vulnerable to parliamentary restriction. Powers included ones to negotiate treaties, call war and peace and to appoint ambassadors. They were taken away and given to the pm and cabinet: most important prerogative power of the gg is to appoint the pm and this must be done based on constitutional conventions (unwritten rules). Ensuring that the office of the pm is never vacant, the gg relies on political parties and elections to be able to choose a.