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Lecture 12

PSY100Y5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Trait Theory, Avoidant Personality Disorder, Extraversion And Introversion

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Dax Urbszat

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Chapter 12 – Personality
Contemporary research analysis deals with traits; to predict behaviour for knowledge and
understanding, for career decisions, for aptitude tests, etc (Trait theory)
-Personality refers to enduring patterns of thought, feeling, motivation and behaviour that are
expressed in different circumstances
-The aim of personality research is to
A. Construct general theories of personality
B. Assess individual differences in personality
-The behaviour is the ultimate expression of who we are; though intention plays a part in many
Psychodynamic views of personality -- Freud's view
-He invoked a role of unconscious processes in the control of behaviour
-The vast majority of what we do is based on our behaviour
-All motivations that drive us that we have no awareness of is based on our behaviour
-Freud based his study on his observations of clients -- this is problematic, as it's not considered
to be empyreal science
-His topographical model argued for 3 levels of conscious
Conflict occurs between the different aspects of consciousness
Requires compromise formation
Id, ego, superego
-Conscious are things that we can bulk up anytime
-The unconscious houses within it our wishes, fears, memories, emotions, our guilt, etc
-Freud said that we must keep our unconscious repressed so that we don't have to deal with them
-Compromise formation is the idea that we have different structures of personality that are
battling with each other
He used the iceberg analogy
Whatever is under the water is below conscious
-The id is the basic animalistic human nature that humans have (we are egocentric and selfish)
We are consumed by our own pleasure and we want to avoid pain
The id is a powerfully based need that moves us to avoid distress and maximize pleasure
-By 18 months, we start to develop an ego -- it's our self and is based on the reality principle
The superego is the internationalization of the morality that we have learned
The superego is unconscious and is based on the morality principle
The superego and id do not communicate
The ego tries to satisfy needs but the superego also challenges you so you make the right
-The id doesn't know real from fake
Freud's Development Model
-This model suggests that human behaviour is motivated by two drives
A. Aggression
B. Sexual
Libido refers to the pleasure-seeking and sensuality as well as desire for intercourse
Libido includes anything that drives us to pleasure; it's an energy force that drives us
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