PSY230H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Walter Mischel, The Delay, Defence Mechanisms

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28 Aug 2016
School
Department
Course
Lecture 9
Nov, 4, 2015
Self-regulation
Repression has some negative consequences
Willpower, Volition, Impulse-control
Goal are things that you wish for the future
What are the differences between unconscious and conscious influences of behaviour?
Dual models- tests how your conscious goal and the impulses are unconscious
People have to fight between the short and long term gains- this is called will power
The delay of gratification paradigm
Marshmallow study - done by Walter Mischel
What are the strategies that children use to delay gratification and what we can teach
them to delay it
Got information about the children later in life (now in teens)
oThe children could hold out longer, predicted that they were more smarter, social
and successful in later life
Correlations between Delay ties and SAT scores 10 years later
When the marshmallow was exposed it was harder to stop themselves to eat it
Only in the exposed condition was there a correlation that the children were more successful
later one
Only in times of temptation is will power tested
Problem student- were mentioned by teachers
Problem students want the money now
Low grades want money now, and higher grades want it later
The ones with delay had high self esteem
More self regulation is related with better outcomes
Freud’s model of self
Some of the impulses can be repressed to the unconscious level
Using excessive repressing in the long term can lead to psychological or physical problems
Freud’s model of repression
The thoughts are trying to come back into consciousness
Defense mechanism
How can we study repression
We cannot ask them because it is an unconscious process that they are not able to report
Physiological measures – their biological process can tell us about their underlying emotion
Answer the following questions
Most people are at C
The second question
Most people said C
If you score really high (positive) on the scale – you try very hard to live up to the norms of
the super ego
Measuring repressive coping
People who admit their anxious
People who do not think they are anxious and they have low social desirability means they
are repressing their anxiety
Repressing coping and emotional experiences
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