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Lecture 14

Lecture 14- Culture and Personality.docx

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Ulrich Schimmack

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Culture and Personality Introduction  Twin studies suggest that variability in personality strongly influenced by genetic variation  SE effects small on personality between twins  Differences in parenting styles across cultures Culture  Commonly defined in terms of shared beliefs, values and social practices of population o Prevalence of ideas, values and social practices (no beliefs actually shared in modern society) Dimensions of Cultural Differences  Culture-centered approach tries to understand behaviours, thoughts, and feelings of people in one culture from within the culture o Relates behaviours in that culture to beliefs in that culture  Variable-centered approach relies on comparisons of different cultures o Requires that we have measures of important cultural differences between nations that can be used to predict/explain national differences in personality  The more cultures we have, the easier it becomes to eliminate cultural variables that explain differences between 2 cultures, but fail to explain differences between others (more is better)  Hofstede used factor analysis to find broad dimensions of cultural differences o Individualism- highly individualistic cultures either from commonwealth or Northern Europe (generally wealthier, higher quality of life, less corruption, human rights and rank high on human development index) o Low individualistic countries regions include Eastern Europe, South America, Africa o Individualism highly correlated with other vairbales of cultural differences that reflect modernity and development  Bond and Smith- people in individualistic cultures less likely to conform than people from collectivistic cultures Culture and Personality  Variation alone doesn’t show that culture influences personality  Average levels of extraversion and openness higher in individualistic countries than in collectivistic nations o Extraversion and openness to experience positively correlated with individualism  Personality scores vary across cultures; variation is systematic Acculturatio
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