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Lecture 10

Lecture 10 - Peers

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Stuart Kamenetsky

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PSY311Social DevelopmentLecture 10June 17 2014PEERSPeersVertical and horizontal relationships oVertical relationship is like an assistant coach who is older than you or a teenager oVertical relationships share aspects of two other relationshipslike a relationship between a parent and a child where the elder child assumes the role of the parent and at the same time it is like a horizontal relationshipsoHorizontal relationships are like peers in your class Orderly developmental sequences are found in childrens intention with peersCategory systems have been created to describe individual differences in the nature of relationships children haveNature of early peer relationships could predict later psychological adjustment Friendships fulfill a number of important functions which change according to age Mutual influences exist between childrens family and peer relationships especially in terms of how parental actions affect the nature and amount of contact with peersChild and Adult Companions at Different AgesAs children get older we are looking at how little time they are spending with parents especially by preadolescents When we look at child companionships they start going to school and daycare where there is a highof them playing with other But at around 78 years they peak and start to decline during the adolescent years This may be due to the fact that they are able to do things on their own like ride a bike read a book etcDevelopmental TrendsChildrens relationships with peers are determined byoTemperament sociabilityoPassed experience with age mates Children with past experiences with peers will have easier time to develop peer relationships in future ie daycare At the same time children can learn how to behave in a social setting with other childrenIf parents dont have their children around other children they in general tend to be better behave but do not know how to behave with other childrenoFamiliarity of partner You will get along with others you know betteroExistence of friendshipsIf you have friends it is easier to develop and create more friends whereas those who dont have friends have harder times making friendsIf you do not know how to be a friends ie not a trusting person and as soon as someone in the class asks for something the child may put up a wall which will cause difficultycreating friendsoCircumstances tasks toys adults function When parent and child are at a party a child is more likely to interact with other children if there are toys or food that the child is interested in Games like musical chairs will also helpt children to like and interact with each other
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