Class Notes (809,390)
Canada (493,689)
Psychology (4,098)
PSY312H5 (118)
Lecture 4

PSY312 Lecture 4.docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Mississauga
William Huggon

PSY312 Lecture 4 Vygotsky’s Sociocultural theory - Social contexts: other people contribute to cognitive development - He argued that cognitive development was not possible without a social context o There needs to be an exposure to an experience o Maturation in the context of social content o It was a collective of people around that CAUSED the development of the individual o Individual could not develop cognitively unless there was interaction with ppl and the development was directly by the people around - - Zone of proximal development: tasks child cannot do alone but can learn with help of more skilled partners o You cannot learned language unless ur exposed to it o You learn something by being exposed to it. You start out basic and go on to more complex things - Vyotsky: born in Russia (same year at piaget) o Died in his 30s from TB o He was a reflection of his own society o His idea were not properly embraced ….jewish - Categorization o Requires frontal lobe cognition o Other species cant do it o Humans can do it by age 5 o (big circles small circles, big triangle, small triangle)What are the different qualities of the stimuli? –colour, size and shape----very sophisticated - MOVIE o Social interaction also comes from peers (not only teachers) o Changes in schools in Russia: grouping kids together…what is it called: open class room…not desks and no walls…classroom split was not via walls…..some success, some non success o Children construct knowledge (not passive reproduce what is presented to them) …V’s o Learning can lead development o Development cannot be separated from its social context o Language plays a central role in mental development o Like Piaget, V developed his own material to study….lab test to see how children put things in categories o V argued that there are qualitative increase in though o Difference b/w V and P : V thought that learning can lead development….you cannot master logic without mastering language o First time let him do it own(PART 1: level of independent performance) .. second time, she guides him, takes his hand, and said lets do it together… upto 17, he gets it right this time with her guidance, third time, going back to do it on ur own….zone of proximal development o PART 2: Level of assistant performance…part of proximal development.- this is what I can do with the assistance of somebody else. o Also with assistance of imaginary partner: what would teddy do? What wouldd he say? o Zone is not static… increases as the knowledge grows…learn more= new zone….scaffolding o 3: causes us to rethink o Best cog development: aimed at highest development at tht person’s zone o Dont reinforce what they already know, reinforce what they are trying to learn o Development cannot be separated from its social context  Social context influences what we think and how we think.  2 levels of mental functioning  Lower: reactive attention, associated memory, sensory motor thought – innate and shared with other higher animals
More Less

Related notes for PSY312H5

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.