Class Notes (807,637)
Canada (492,763)
Psychology (4,091)
PSY328H5 (49)

PSY328 lec 4.docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Mississauga
Dax Urbszat

Lecture 4- RiskAssessment Behavioral Sciences andAnalysis Section - VICLAS- national program - OSOR- 1 of the 2 sex registries in Canada – everyone who has committed a sex offence - CBAU- a polygraph looking for deception through psychological means - (1) Polygraph unit – looking for deception through psychological means - Greater use of interviews and interrogations as opposed to polygraphs - Difference between interview and interrogation – gathering information vs. eliciting a confession - (2) Criminal Profiling – three criminal profilers - (3) ThreatAssessment – assessing potential of risk for a number of different cases - Assessing risk for a bail hearing (dangerous offender) - Review boards – unfit to stand trial? - Risk matters - (4) Forensic Psychology unit - (5) Research unit - All units work together – consultations What do we mean by risk assessment? - Assess risk daily on a number of issues - We live in a risk aversive society- constant assessing risk - Are people assessing each other’s risk- yes - Car insurance – young men are riskier – age , type of car , who you are all matter - Medical insurance - Risk of someone committing an offence – hurting somebody, stalking - Risk someone is posing to someone else - Dangerousness (old term) – the risk a certain person posesses - Likelihood that someone is going to commit and offence - Phrased in a difference way – probability (percentage) and categorization ( low risk, moderate risk to reoffend), percentile rankings - What do we mean by low risk – different for everyone – 10 %, 2% Purpose of RiskAssessment - Why do we measure risk? - To protect society - Risk assessment – decisions about somebody for something they have not done yet - Do certain things because we think the person might to something - Asses somebody in relation to risk - If they pose risk – use resources, treatment, work with them to manage their behavior - Risk assessment across areas in the justice system - Review boards – risk tools, factors, intensity/type of treatment - TX= treatment - LTO= long term offender - Can keep a LTO in jail for up to 10 years - Can keep a Dangerous offender indefinitely - Risk vs. recovery - Recovering from a disorder – in the case of schizophrenia- cant be done so help them manage it - If an offender is getting releases – assessment is done Formal RiskAssessment - Risk assessment ends up in court - Experts in court – trained in risk assessment- opinion about a specific topic - Risk assessment for domestic violence /sexual offending/child pornography offence - Different tools used for different areas - Example : child pornography - Are they likely to do something to a child- how would you know ? What are you going to look for? - Utilize multiple sources – not one risk factor, not one source - Social background – psychosocial components in relation to their offences - Confirmation is important - In the case of a psychopath – they will feed you the wrong information so file information is important - Criminal history - Sexual motivation - Person in a situation where they have the opportunity to offend - How do all these factors translate into risk - Away of combining factors - Factors are differentially weighted – is one item more important than another? ImportantAspects ofAssessment Measures - Base rates are meaningful - Something’s that rarely occur- difficult - Better assessments and predictions of domestic violence than murder (low base rate) - More difficult to predict what is going to happen - From a statistic perspective doesn’t give you a lot of power - From clinical perspective – hard to know the consequences - Children are more likely to be harmed by members within their family than by strangers - But children are taught according to things that are rare – stranger danger, don’t talk to strangers - Strangers seem to be more dangerous for parents - Reliability is also important – two people fill out an assessment – same answers? - Validity – how well are we predicting a future offence, the severity of a new offence, number of new offences - Make sure the tool is assessing what it is supposed to be - Inter rater validity Types of Factors - Static factors- no change - Really good factors for assessing long term risk – sexual violence over a period of time - Dynamic factors – changeable, fluctuating - Supervising someone on parole, on probation – want to know the dynamic factors - Useful on hospital board – assess whether they are using drugs - Good for monitoring individuals who are up and down (fluctuating) – find ways to manage them - Stable dynamic factors- not static , some fluctuation – you can intervene - Justice system in Canada is more integrated than the Us - Static 99- stable vs. acute version - Schizophrenia not a risk factor – mental illness is a protective factor- more often than not a mentally ill person is victimized - Personality disorder – is a dynamic risk factor – non compliance with medication - Protective factors – reduce or ameliorate the effects of other risk factors - If an individual likes to look at child pornography – likes children and not adults - Examples include solid family background, empathetic (reduces risk for offending) , not offence oriented (not in touch with other pedophiles) - Associated with other pedophiles makes them riskier - Sociopath- lack empathy - Factors matter across different types of offences - Domestic violence – hit , struck victim during pregnancy , confines/isolates vicitm– important risks for domestic murder - Victim vulnerabilities – isolated wife/ gf – put up barriers so she wouldn’t be to get assistance - Age of first offence matters– conduct disorder - Personality quite stable over time – became antisocial - Not always the case but conduct disorder can develop in antisocial personality over time - Psychological symptoms – substance abuse, impulsivity, recklessness - Multiple paraphilias – sadism – is different to BDSM , coercive rape fantasy , striking someone to get aroused - Sadism can lead to some problems – sexual fantasies doesn’
More Less

Related notes for PSY328H5

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.