RLG203H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Purgatory, Indulgence, Counter-Reformation
Why the protestant happened in western europe as it did. Everything in w europe was roman catholic (most part of it) What led to situation of fragmentation (major protestant areas and roman catholic) Number of factors: have growth of powerful nation states: not holy roman empire tc anymore and last few days of it wasn"t even in rome nor an empire. Have powerful nations growing up with own princes and kings, not one empire in consort with the patriarch or the pope. New colonies, people going out and western europeans going out and subjugating large parts and continuing on to parts in africa, south asia etc. Renaissance is occurring at this point where most of the learned are turning away from medieval aspects and turning back to classic antiquity (greek, plato, aristotle) Luther didn"t set out to found new church or religion, he himself was catholic, kind of a monk.