RLG205 - Lecture 11

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27 Sep 2011

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April 2, 2008
Lecture 11 - Modern Hinduism, Gender and the Goddess
-The man’s name: Seetaram (The 4th Stage)
-Compare film to something that arises in the readings
-The representation of SA religions are not Hinduism
-Civilization theory
oHelps us to understand some of the problems with studying Islam in SA
-Exogenous (without) –outside
oExternal theory of historical change
oLinear time – what history is all about
-indigenous (within)
oIdihasa – what we term as history is not so important
oCivilized vs. barbaric
oWe don’t question this – so basic to what our understanding of what nation
states are
-Dividing up era are inaccurate
oMisleading because based on idea of civilization
oThe idea of civilization comes from elite representations of the world.
-English is a foreign language in SA
-The external world only brings in intruders
oThis is different than the everyday historical concept read in school
-There is a lot of mobility
oThe zone was closed off – but there were many intruders
oInstead of thinking of SA of nation states, but look at the zone trades (land
trades and maritime trades)
oZones of trades transcends the contemporary boundaries
oThe idea of civilization is distorted
-What’s new about 2nd millennium?
oAll of the states in SA expanded in size and power – economic boom – with
the use of new military technology
oMore cosmopolitan minds rather than the Sanskrit minds
oThere is another perspective than conquest
-Influence in Sanskrit math from Arabic math
-Sanskrit scholars can’t read the Arabic literature and vice versa – therefore
boundaries reinforced
-Raiding campaigns
oMahmud 1000 CE – 1025 CE
o1200 – 1345 Dehli Sultanate
o14th – 16th century – Vijayanagala – small sultanate in south
oAkbar – 1542
oArmagtab – 6465 – 1707
-The first use of the word Hindu comes from Persian text and hindi bakti texts
-In the colonial period get Hindu-ism as a concept
-The reform movements
oVivekanada and Gandhi
oDevotionalist movements
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