Class Notes (839,002)
Canada (511,164)
Sociology (4,081)
SOC100H5 (961)
Jayne Baker (345)

SOC100 Lecture 2.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Jayne Baker

January 10, 2013 SOC100: Theory I Development of Sociology - Four key historical shifts - Growth of science, industrial revolution and capitalism, the rise of states and political revolutions, urbanization 1) Growth of Science - Emile Derkheim wanted to create a kind of social science (a science of society) - How can we apply that to society? - Derkheim influenced extensively by positivism - Positivism: cornerstone of natural sciences; real research can be objective and value-free - Derkheim wanted to apply positivism to the science of society - Signaled a move away from religion - There was a real move away from influence of religion as science interest grew - Science challenged religious-rooted beliefs 2) Industrial Revolution and Capitalism - A move awth from athiculture to factories and machinery - Late 18 and 19 centuries - Brought huge changes to how people made a living and where they were living - Capitalism: - Farmers made profit from work on land - Factories were owned by one person and that person had many people working for him - Owner of factory made money and workers didn’t really make a lot - Capitalism was related to an idea of free-market place - Wanted to bring down wages of workers as much as possible 3) Urbanization - People started moving away from farms to over-populated cities with factories - They had lots of land and close to family then moved to cities where there was a lot of overpopulation and not as close-knit 4) Rise of State and Political Revolutions January 10, 2013 - State refers to government - Back in 18 and 19 century, government started to have more control over citizens because of these factors - They built roads and buildings and controlled health and education, etc. - They had a lot of control over citizens in terms of - Political revolution because of people not being happy about it Theory: a foundation to discipline - Gives ability to analyze and use sociological perspective in different ways - Two criterions for theory  Theories have to be critical (empiricism)  Sociological (keeping societies in perspective) Four Major Theories in Sociology - Structural Functionalism - Conflict theory - Symbolic interactionism - Feminist Theory Structural functionalism (Functionalism) - A theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts works together to promote solidarity and stability - Created by Emile Durkheim - While influenced by positivism, also influenced by ideal of society as a natural organism (natural science) - Applied idea to society - There are a lot of components to society, if one is dysfunctional then everything will be dysfunctional - Like a machine - Durkheim put greater emphasis on society than individual - He wasn’t interested in micro level, but rather macro (bigger picture) - Really interested in stability - Stability, equilibrium and social solidarity is what makes society functional - These parts don’t work well together, there’s a lot of instability and dysfunction - Example: Education January 10, 2013  Schools serve the purpose of socializing children into being good social citizens of Canada.  Structural Functionalist: Let’s look at when recess is over and when children line up. This demonstrates how children are socialized into being orderly organized citizens.  These function
More Less

Related notes for SOC100H5

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.