Lecture 2 January 10, 2013
The growth of science – becoming prestigious
science of society; Emile Durkheim
positivism – research can be objective and valued .
Move towards science = move away from religion
industrial revolution and capitalism – brought changes to how people made a living and where they
capitalism – free market place. Factory owners wanted to compete, so they brought down the wages of
Urbanization – moved from farms to cities. Conditions were overcrowded and poor.
Rise of states and political revolutions – state = governing structure
government started to have a lot more control over citizens. Responsible for roads and infrastructure;
operating schools and prisons. A lot of people didn’t like it, therefore revolution.
- has to me empirical
- has to be sociological
Durkheim – society needs to function together; if one part breaks down, most likely others will break
Tended to put greater priority towards the society over personal. Macro > micro
Really interested in stability and equilibrium
EX. education – schools serve the purpos