Class Notes (811,705)
Canada (494,883)
Sociology (4,001)
SOC100H5 (944)
Jayne Baker (345)

Sept. 12 - Research Methods.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Jayne Baker

Sept. 12 – Research Methods Research Cycle In the final stage of the research cycle, when you are 1. presenting your results, you are subjecting them to peer- Formulate Question review. These individuals are analyzing the findings on the basis of the value of your contribution. 6. Report 2. Lit Results Review 5. Analyze 3. Select Data Method 4. Collect Data Terminology The terminology used is interchangeable with other disciplines; the only difference is the methods used in sociology. Some of the important key terms that are applicable to the sociological field are: (1) Variable: A concept that can take on more than one value. o E.g. gender (male or female), type of crime (murder, homicide, etc.) There are two kinds of variables: o Independent variable: The presumed cause in a cause-and-effect relationship. o Dependent variable: The presumed effect in a cause-and-effect relationship. An example of this would be that of divorce. The question can be: does divorce have an effect on children? Divorce would be the independent variable and the children the dependent. If we think of this in terms of x and y, x is independent and y the dependent. When we look at a relationship, if you can say that X causes Y, this is called CAUSATION. X  Y There is a clear relationship in which one can observe the direct affect X has on Y. On the other hand, there are also other relationships known as CORRELATION (or association) in which there is some kind of relationship evident between X and Y but you cannot definitively say that one causes the other; they are correlated. XY For example, say you were to test how the hours spent on Facebook may have negatively affected students’ GPAs, you cannot say for sure that the hours spent on Facebook may be the direct cause of the lowered GPA. You can just say that you notice a correlation between the two. The reason being is because other factors could be at play, i.e. maybe it just so happens that students with low GPAs spend a lot of time on Facebook (not the other way around), etc. In sociology, we tend to establish correlations rather than causation relationships. This is because there are many factors in the social world making it hard for sociologists to isolate the issues. (2) Population: The entire group about which the researcher wants to generalize. Sample: The part of the population of interest that is selected for analysis. How do you sample (or go from a sample to population)? (1) Probability sampling – this is when all individuals have an equal probability of being picked at random to be involved (2) Non-probability sampling – this process is not random. The one conducting the experiment orchestrates who he/she wants to be a part of the sample. Methods Covered in the Textbook Other sociological methods - Experiments - Content analysis (qual and quant) - Surveys - Historical-comparative - Field research - Ethnography - Analysis of existing documents and - Secondary analysis official stat
More Less

Related notes for SOC100H5

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.