Class Notes (1,200,000)
CA (650,000)
UTM (30,000)
SOC (5,000)
SOC100H5 (1,000)

Chapter 11 - Social Class in Canada - Chapter 11 pp.22-267

Course Code
Suzanne Casimiro

This preview shows page 1. to view the full 5 pages of the document.
Social Class in Canada 20/10/2010 17:22:00
Dimensions of Social Stratification
Social class in Canada has several dimensions
Socio-economic status is a composite measure of income and social position that
considers also, power, occupational prestige and schooling
Income occupational wages or salaries, earning from investments, and government
transfer payments
Wealth the total amount of money and other assets, minus outstanding debts.
Canadian Stratification: Merit and Caste
*Although Canada is a MERITOCRACY, social position in the country involve
caste elements.
Ancestry : most of the rich gained their position through inheritance
Race and Ethnicity : higher average incomes for Japanese, British and French vs.
Chinese, Black, and Aboriginal
Gender : women earn less income, accumulate less wealth, and have lower
occupational prestige than men
Social Classes in Canada
*Defining classes in Canada is difficult owing to the relatively low level of status
consistency. We can describe 4 general rankings:
The Upper Middle Class
The Middle Class
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

The Working Class
The Lower Class
Upper-uppers: They inherit enormous wealth, High society or “blue bloods,old
money, Less than 1% of the Canadian population
Lower-Uppers: working richbut excluded from high society 2 to 4 % of the
population, Have high levels of education, Success stories that often fascinate us
because it has long stood as an accepted cultural goal of modern society
The Middle Class:40-50% of the Canadian population Tremendous influence on
our culture (TV & media portray mainly middle class people)Encompasses far greater
ethnic diversity
Upper-Middles: professionals, accumulate wealth and send children to college
Average-middles: managers, tellers, clerks, or highly skilled blue-collar jobs,
accumulate some wealth and children go to local college
The Working Class: Also the lower middle class 33% of the population
Blue-collar jobs, sometimes with little opportunity for imagination and much
Little or no accumulation of wealth, may own their house in low-cost
neighbourhoods. Their children have little chances of going to university.
The Lower Class: The poor, 20% of the Canadian population
Some depend of social welfare
Working poor: Lack of work and little income renders life unstable and insecure, Low-
prestige jobs, minimal income and little intrinsic satisfaction
The Difference Class Makes
Rich people are healthier and live longer.The rich favour understated tastes; while
the nouveau riche favour conspicuous consumption. Richer people are more tolerant
of controversial behaviour (they have more education and financial security).
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version