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SOC100H5 (957)


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Suzanne Casimiro

SOC100 September 23 rd Socialization Social Experience: The Key to Our Humanity - socialization: the lifelong social experience by which individuals develop their human potential and learn culture o foundation that builds our personality - personality: a person’s fairly consistent patterns of thinking, feeling, and acting o build personality by internalizing our surroundings Human Development: Nature vs. Nurture - The Biological Sciences: The Role of Nature: initially, Europeans linked cultural differences to biology - The Social Sciences: The Role of Nurture: behaviourism holds that behaviour is not instinctive but learned o favoured by sociologists o isolation can cause permanent developmental damage – social debate Understanding Socialization - six researchers have made lasting contributions to our understanding of human development o Sigmund Freud o Jean Piaget o Lawrence Kohlberg o Carol Gilligan o George Herbert Mead o Erik H. Erikson - socialization is a complex, lifelong process Agents of Socialization - familiar settings have special importance in the socialization process o the family o the school o the peer group o the mass media o other agents – religion (Western decline as a socialization process) 1. The Family - parental attention is very important - teaches us all the skills we need for the outside world - values, beliefs, and norms - help us deal with society and others outside - most important agent o a loving family produces a happy well-adjusted child o gender socialization – roles are defined (pink/blue) - parental attention is very important o bonding and encouragement - household environment o stimulated development - social status o like social class, ethnicity, economic/educational opportunities, marriage partners o class position of parents influence how they raise their children o ex. the 7up series – 1970s England – someone’s class position can be predetermined before age 7 based on your family  followed children every 7 years – depending on their social class is reflected in their social positions now (aged 49) 2. The School - enlarges our view of society – start school at a young age - introduces us to the outside world – adapt and use the values and norms taught in the home - learn skills and knowledge - experience diversity o racial and gender clustering o introduction to difference – different households (exterior sections of society) - gender socialization continues o from grade school through college, gender-linked activities are encountered - hidden curriculum o informal, covert lessons – through stories - first bureaucracy o rules and schedule 3. The Peer Group - a social group whose members have interests, social position and age in common - sense of self beyond family – escape from parental authority and supervision - explore your independence and personality –
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