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Lecture

SOC221 LECTURE 3

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC221H5
Professor
Lingqin Feng
Semester
Fall

Description
SEPTEMBER 25, 2013 SOC 221 TUTORIAL LOGIC OF SOCIAL INQUIRY ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY ASSIGNMENTS 1) 2 PARAGRAPHS a. state and describe the argument or problem b. synthesize the information you obtained from the scholarly resources 2) annotated bib a. problem, theoretical approach and/or research questions b. identify the methodology and sample adopted c. summarize the conclusions d. brief evaluation 3) ASA format 4) ULRICHsWEB 5) Find Sources­> google scholar, databases: sociological abstracts, social sciences  abstract, check website (library) ANNOTATED BIB. 1) bibliography 2) evaluation why an ann. Bib? ­ forces you to be analytical ­ develops your critical reading skills key to success ­ ask “how does this text work”, How is it argued? How is the evidence(facts,  examples, etc.) used and interpreted, etc. questions to consider a. main points/claims b. how does the rest of the text develop, support, and argue these central  claims c. what kinds of reasoning are evident in the text?  d. What counts as evidence e. How strong is the argument and why  Consider connections or relationships among annotations Use and demonstrate your critical skils  Review: ­ summary ­ methodology ­ conclusion ­ evaluation ­ ASA format  due date: Oct 2, 2013 SOC221: THE LOGIC OF SOC. INQUIRY (FALL 2013) LECTURE CHAPTER 5 DESIGNING A STUDY Designing a Study ­ Qualitative and quantitative orientations towards research ­ Qualitative design issues ­ Quantitative design issues Qualitative and Quantitative Orientations towards Research Designing a Study: Preplanned and Emergent Research Questions (possible areas of research topics)  1. Migration 2. Divorce 3. Higher Education 4. The Internet 5. Religiosity 6. White Collar Crime 7. Discrimination 8. Occupational Segregation Three Purposes of Research 1. Exploration a. Have research questions ▯ WHY? b. Know more about a topic c.  More applicable for this class  * i. are most typically done for 3 purposes a) to satisfy the researcher’s curiosity and desire  for better understanding b) to test the feasibility of undertaking more  extensive study c) to develop the methods  2. Description a. To describe, tell the context of certain topics b. Describe and lay down facts i. To describe situations and events 3. Explanation a. A newspaper­type of report b. Provide enough information i. To explain things ii. Answers: What, When, Where and How? iii. Answers WHY Differences between Qualitative and Quantitative research ­ Qualitative o Flexible, slowly focusing on the topic throughout the study o Open to unanticipated data and constantly reevaluates the focus early in a  study o Uses early data collection to guide how they adjust, and sharpen the  research question(s) ­ Quantitative o Focus on a specific research problem with a broad topic o Narrow and focus the topic before proceeding to design a research project • see box 5.1 Making it practical: Narrowing a topic into a research question (p.82) • Table 5.1 Quantitative Research versus qualitative research (p83)  The qualitative design issues ­ The language of cases and context o Examine motifs, themes, distinction and ideas instead of variables, and  how they often adopt the inductive approach of grounded theory. o Qualitative data are “soft”, intangible, immaterial o Are scientific ▯ involves documenting real events, recording what people  says (word,gestures, etc.)  Grounded theory and Qualitative research • A qualitative researcher develops theory during the 
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