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Lecture #3-Social Inequality and Dynamics of Organization

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Paul Armstrong

Social Inequality and Dynamics of Organization SLIDE 2 1. New historical context: Industry has developed and is taking on new organizational and industrial concepts Starting to see more complex divisions Individuals are taking on new identities and taking on new professions and social groups (management clubs, etc) and forming identities around these organizations. Class relationships are being overlooked by other social difference (no longer owner and worker) -With social inequality, Max was concerned with how power was distributed in a community. To answer this question we need to look at 3 social rounds. SLIDE 3 The three different social rounds are the economy, social orderculture, and social powerthe political Key associational Mode power is distributed through social class, in the realm of power, power is distributed through social groups How to look at it: In the economy, though social classes, power is determined through their market situation -Power is distributed in 3 unique ways. -Look at this chart from right to left --- market situation gets determined from class through the economy. SLIDE 4 -Key associational mode is social class for the first class. Social class would be determined by ones market situationcondition His conception is based on opportunities in the market place. -He believes that relations on the market have to be considered by two things Consider the type of property or the kinds of services offered on the market (not all goods, property) We need to consider all services, such as labor -Being rich doesnt determine your power. The bigger question is how you got rich. He believes that being rich on its own is not enough. SLIDE 5 -Power can be achieved through social order, honor, and culture. A way of recognizing a new dividing point Its not enough to recognize society as labor, capital. Within labor you start to see difference within skill levels (teachers, scientists, engineers, etc.). Identifying these different groups can cut across class lines. -Status group can be distinguished independently from social class (separated) Status group can be based on nationalityethnicity, skillexperience -Difference in social honor and modern groups can lead to stratification in different privileges (particular style of life from a particular group) Ex. being part of a status group will lead to status privileges or restrictions Certain religions restrict you from marrying outside your race, or make you have certain privileges.
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