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Lecture

SOC263- SOCIAL INEQUALITY

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC263H5
Professor
Anna Korteweg
Semester
Fall

Description
LECTURE 3: CLASS & SOCIAL INEQUALITY Movie: “Social Class in America”: People like us  ­ Class: based on their looks, race, things they own/wear, etc ­ Class: symbols we carry with us  ­ Class: a little more than boxes of categories we put people in  What is Class? 1. Karl Marx (1818­1883) a. Born during the Industrial Revolution  ­ Feudalism­ when people work for the landowner inorder to survive  ­ Industrial revolution      b. Communist Manifesto ­ Shift on types of classes  ­ Social Class o Based in productive relations­ making the stuff we need to live,   Who owns the means of production?   Capitalism is essential   See textbook.   Individuals are engage in Production processes & manufacturing  processes  Marx want to know how these processes are organized  Property ownership o Relational   On an individual level =   Institutionalized: to be part of the structure to prevent class  revolution   “Class is the relationship of an individual to the means of the   production”  ­ Type of Classes o Owners of land, capital (machine, equipments, dead labour: machines  created by human), labour power (when your capacity to work is bought  and sold in the market)     : Protected by the structures set in place­> OWNERSHIP RIGHTS  o Bourgeoisie­ those who owns the capital and land and employ laborers  (exploit them)  Petit Bourgeoisie­ who owns capital and land, but doesn’t use  labour power o Proletariat­ control their labor power  the price of the labour is only enough for the person to survive  Capitalist pays the workers enough to survive, however, the price  of the stuff they produce is more expensive than their labour.
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