SOC316H5 Lecture Notes - Emotional And Behavioral Disorders, Youth Voice, Single Parent

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Published on 10 Apr 2014
School
UTM
Department
Sociology
Course
SOC316H5
OUTLINE:
Today we’ll talk about crime prevention through social development
CPSD – The Roots of Youth Violence
- Mandate
- Broad recommendations
- Roots of the immediate risk factors
- Solutions (some of them)
What does community mean here?
Broken Windows and Zero Tolerance (quick summary)
How is crime prevention achieved in the city?
CRIME PREVENTION THROUGH SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT (CPSD)
- Designed to be proactive
oReducing opportunities
- Conditions of and risk factors for crime
oWhy do people commit crime?
oSomewhat of a reconfiguration of welfarism
- Social or economic links to crime
oWhere we can look at the root causes
oLevel of societal/community intervention
oMany resources are not necessarily about crime prevention explicitly but there is
an element b/c it becomes activated in crime prevention and bringing diverse
things together into a coherent strategy
- Diverse programmers and services  education, housing, public health, social services
- Create bonds (to community/society)
oAlienation is a big theme
Particularly involved in violent crime
THE ROOTS [of immediate risk factors] OF YOUTH VIOLENCE
Always an anxiety over young people, which hit high when an event happens  shooting,
particularly violent  Assume things are going out of control, when really things are quite stable
& most youth grow out of crime (cure is to just grow up)
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Need social development: more bonds to society as an adult (job, post-secondary education,
etc.)
See young people as being more alienated  marginalized group although tough to organize as
one
Roots are taken into account in shaping public policies
No coherent policy or strategy in Ontario: have people competing for funding and securing
resources, which means they are working against each other rather than together
BROAD RECOMMENDATIONS
Activating diverse amount of things, including activating communities
Set objectives by working together as an active community
No coordination/planning among diverse issues  no overall strategy or goal in mind. Set up
goals as short-term and long-term. Young people must also be actively engaged otherwise
cannot enforce policies involving them
Constantly evaluating and assessing things: audits, effectiveness. Have small group who create
it and also evaluate it to see if it works. Evaluation is a problem
Can look at meta-analyses
While concerns are valid and it does happen, very few people commit serious violence  easily
can forget when headlines are sensationalized
If you focus on risk factors, will help but does not mean the young person was going to be a
criminal
ROOTS OF THE IMMEDIATE RISK FACTORS
Three issues/risk factors: family (parental) supervision, socioeconomic status, and schools
1. Poverty
a. Poverty does not directly cause violent crime
b. Correlation is not causation
c. Three different works to affect youth violence
d. relative deprivation (related to strain theory): how worse off do you feel compared
to other people, related to economic strain, related to not having means to do
what others can
i. exclusion from minimum conditions of normal living leads to alienation [in
ON]
ii. youth see selves as victims of uncaring society
iii. belief they have no stake/future [in society]
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Document Summary

Today we"ll talk about crime prevention through social development. Designed to be proactive: reducing opportunities. Conditions of and risk factors for crime: why do people commit crime, somewhat of a reconfiguration of welfarism. Diverse programmers and services education, housing, public health, social services. Create bonds (to community/society: alienation is a big theme. The roots [of immediate risk factors] of youth violence. Always an anxiety over young people, which hit high when an event happens shooting, particularly violent assume things are going out of control, when really things are quite stable. & most youth grow out of crime (cure is to just grow up) Need social development: more bonds to society as an adult (job, post-secondary education, etc. ) See young people as being more alienated marginalized group although tough to organize as one. Roots are taken into account in shaping public policies.

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